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Short-sale constraints and price bubbles

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  • Lim, Bryan Y.

Abstract

Miller (1977) demonstrated that if investors have heterogeneous beliefs and short sales are restricted, trade of a security will disproportionately reflect positive information, generating a price bubble. As this intuition applies most relevantly to short intervals of trade, a question arises as to the longevity of such a bubble. In this paper, I argue that a bubble effected by short-sale constraints persists only if agents cannot distinguish between order flow caused by positive information or order flow caused by the constraints. If the constraint is common knowledge, it should have no effect on the long-term pricing of the stock. If, however, the constraint is random and unknown, a price bubble may form.

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  • Lim, Bryan Y., 2011. "Short-sale constraints and price bubbles," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 2443-2453, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:35:y:2011:i:9:p:2443-2453
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Blau, Benjamin M. & Wade, Chip, 2012. "Informed or speculative: Short selling analyst recommendations," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 14-25.
    3. Tibor Neugebauer & Sascha Füllbrunn, 2013. "Deflating Bubbles in Experimental Asset Markets: Comparative Statics of Margin Regulations," LSF Research Working Paper Series 13-14, Luxembourg School of Finance, University of Luxembourg.
    4. Chung, Kee H. & Park, Seongkyu “Gilbert” & Ryu, Doojin, 2016. "Trade duration, informed trading, and option moneyness," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 395-411.
    5. Huerta-Sanchez, Daniel & Jafarinejad, Mohammad & Kim, Dongshin & Soyeh, Kenneth W., 2020. "Disentangling bubbles in equity REITs," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 357-367.
    6. Min Bai & Xiao-Ming Li & Yafeng Qin, 2016. "Short-selling constraints and stock-valuation pattern: a regime–event analysis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(56), pages 5462-5484, December.
    7. Hayunga, Darren K. & Holowczak, Richard D. & Lung, Peter P. & Nishikawa, Takeshi, 2012. "Derivatives traders’ reaction to mispricing in the underlying equity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(9), pages 2438-2454.

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