Exploiting the liability of foreignness: Why do service firms exploit foreign affiliate networks at home?
Drawing on both a resource-based view of the firm and an in-depth case study, we develop a novel conceptual model that explains under what conditions a service firm may use its international affiliate network to build a differentiation-based competitive advantage in its domestic market. The bank we studied implemented a differentiation strategy by positioning itself as a "South American Bank" and by offering a set of foreign trade services to its domestic clients that were unique at the time of their introduction. Our conceptual model fills a gap in the literature on difficulties in internationalization by explaining under what conditions internationalizing firms may opt for a strategy that seeks to domestically exploit resources and capabilities that have been developed in the course of internationalization.
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Volume (Year): 17 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
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