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Assessment of efficiency in basic and secondary education in Tunisia: A regional analysis

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  • Ramzi, Sourour
  • Afonso, António
  • Ayadi, Mohamed

Abstract

To determine the factors enhancing the efficiency of basic and secondary education in 24 governorates of Tunisia in 1999, 2003, 2006 and 2008, we apply a non-parametric approach, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to multi-inputs and multi-outputs. Physical resources used in the study are: the number of classes per 100 students and the number of schools per million inhabitants. Human and financial resources are described by the number of teacher per 100 students and education spending per student respectively. The output measures include the success rate of baccalaureate exam and the rate of non-doubling in the 9th year. Our results show the absence of significant relationship between school resources and student performance. The output variable, non-doubling rate in the 9th year is the only factor able to influence the efficiency level of governorates in terms of 2nd cycle of basic education and secondary education. By regressing efficiency scores on non-discretionary variables, we find that inefficiency in education is strongly related to poverty within governorates.

Suggested Citation

  • Ramzi, Sourour & Afonso, António & Ayadi, Mohamed, 2016. "Assessment of efficiency in basic and secondary education in Tunisia: A regional analysis," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 62-76.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:injoed:v:51:y:2016:i:c:p:62-76
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2016.08.003
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    Cited by:

    1. Delprato, Marcos & Antequera, Germán, 2021. "School efficiency in low and middle income countries: An analysis based on PISA for development learning survey," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 80(C).
    2. Ben Yahia, Fatma & Essid, Hédi & Rebai, Sonia, 2018. "Do dropout and environmental factors matter? A directional distance function assessment of tunisian education efficiency," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 120-127.
    3. Yahia, F.B. & Essid, H., 2019. "Determinants of Tunisian Schools’ Efficiency: A DEA-Tobit Approach," Journal of Applied Management and Investments, Department of Business Administration and Corporate Security, International Humanitarian University, vol. 8(1), pages 44-56, February.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Basic and secondary education; Efficiency; DEA; Tunisia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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