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Evaluating case-based decision theory: Predicting empirical patterns of human classification learning

  • Pape, Andreas Duus
  • Kurtz, Kenneth J.
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    We introduce a computer program which calculates an agentʼs optimal behavior according to case-based decision theory (Gilboa and Schmeidler, 1995) and use it to test CBDT against a benchmark set of problems from the psychological literature on human classification learning (Shepard et al., 1961). This allows us to evaluate the efficacy of CBDT as an account of human decision-making on this set of problems.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Games and Economic Behavior.

    Volume (Year): 82 (2013)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 52-65

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:gamebe:v:82:y:2013:i:c:p:52-65
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    1. Antoine Billot & Itzhak Gilboa & David Schmeidler, 2008. "Axiomatization of an exponential similarity function," Post-Print hal-00463265, HAL.
    2. Itzhak Gilboa & Gabrielle Gayer & O. Lieberman, 2007. "Rule-Based and Case-Based Reasoning in Housing Prices," Post-Print hal-00481229, HAL.
    3. Fudenberg, Drew & Levine, David, 2006. "A Dual-Self Model of Impulse Control," Scholarly Articles 3196335, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    4. Itzhak Gilboa & David Schmeidler, 1996. "Case-Based Optimization," Post-Print hal-00753138, HAL.
    5. Golosnoy, Vasyl & Okhrin, Yarema, 2008. "General uncertainty in portfolio selection: A case-based decision approach," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 67(3-4), pages 718-734, September.
    6. Gayer Gabrielle & Gilboa Itzhak & Lieberman Offer, 2007. "Rule-Based and Case-Based Reasoning in Housing Prices," The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 7(1), pages 1-37, April.
    7. Roth, Alvin E. & Erev, Ido, 1995. "Learning in extensive-form games: Experimental data and simple dynamic models in the intermediate term," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 164-212.
    8. Laibson, David I., 1997. "Golden Eggs and Hyperbolic Discounting," Scholarly Articles 4481499, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    9. Tesfatsion, Leigh & Judd, Kenneth L., 2006. "Handbook of Computational Economics, Vol. 2: Agent-Based Computational Economics," Staff General Research Papers 10368, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
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