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Evaluating case-based decision theory: Predicting empirical patterns of human classification learning

  • Pape, Andreas Duus
  • Kurtz, Kenneth J.
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    We introduce a computer program which calculates an agentʼs optimal behavior according to case-based decision theory (Gilboa and Schmeidler, 1995) and use it to test CBDT against a benchmark set of problems from the psychological literature on human classification learning (Shepard et al., 1961). This allows us to evaluate the efficacy of CBDT as an account of human decision-making on this set of problems.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0899825613000924
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Games and Economic Behavior.

    Volume (Year): 82 (2013)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 52-65

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:gamebe:v:82:y:2013:i:c:p:52-65
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622836

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    1. Roth, Alvin E. & Erev, Ido, 1995. "Learning in extensive-form games: Experimental data and simple dynamic models in the intermediate term," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 164-212.
    2. Fudenberg, Drew & Levine, David, 2006. "A Dual-Self Model of Impulse Control," Scholarly Articles 3196335, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    3. Billot, Antoine & Gilboa, Itzhak & Schmeidler, David, 2008. "Axiomatization of an exponential similarity function," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 107-115, March.
    4. Itzhak Gilboa & David Schmeidler, 1993. "Case-Based Optimization," Discussion Papers 1039, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
    5. Laibson, David, 1997. "Golden Eggs and Hyperbolic Discounting," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 112(2), pages 443-77, May.
    6. Gabrielle Gayer & Itzhak Gilboa & Offer Lieberman, 2004. "Rule-Based and Case-Based Reasoning in Housing Prices," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1493, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    7. Golosnoy, Vasyl & Okhrin, Yarema, 2008. "General uncertainty in portfolio selection: A case-based decision approach," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 67(3-4), pages 718-734, September.
    8. Tesfatsion, Leigh & Judd, Kenneth L., 2006. "Handbook of Computational Economics, Vol. 2: Agent-Based Computational Economics," Staff General Research Papers 10368, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
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