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Option market liquidity: Commonality and other characteristics

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  • Cao, Melanie
  • Wei, Jason

Abstract

This study examines option market liquidity using Ivy DB's OptionMetrics data. We establish convincing evidence of commonality for various liquidity measures based on the bid-ask spread, volumes, and price impact. The commonality remains strong even after controlling for the underlying stock market's liquidity and other liquidity determinants such as volatility. Smaller firms and firms with a higher volatility exhibit stronger commonalities in option liquidity. Aside from commonality, we also uncover several other important properties of the option market's liquidity. First, information asymmetry plays a much more dominant role than inventory risk as a fundamental driving force of liquidity. Second, the market-wide option liquidity is closely linked to the underlying stock market's movements. Specifically, the options liquidity responds asymmetrically to upward and downward market movements, with calls reacting more in up markets and puts reacting more in down markets.

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  • Cao, Melanie & Wei, Jason, 2010. "Option market liquidity: Commonality and other characteristics," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 20-48, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finmar:v:13:y:2010:i:1:p:20-48
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Aloui, Chaker & Hammoudeh, Shawkat & Hamida, Hela ben, 2015. "Global factors driving structural changes in the co-movement between sharia stocks and sukuk in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 311-329.
    2. Feng, Shih-Ping & Hung, Mao-Wei & Wang, Yaw-Huei, 2014. "Option pricing with stochastic liquidity risk: Theory and evidence," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 77-95.
    3. Guillaume, F., 2015. "The LIX: A model-independent liquidity index," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 214-231.
    4. Feng, Shih-Ping & Hung, Mao-Wei & Wang, Yaw-Huei, 2016. "The importance of stock liquidity on option pricing," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 457-467.
    5. repec:kap:rqfnac:v:49:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11156-016-0609-6 is not listed on IDEAS
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    7. Anderson, Richard G. & Binner, Jane M. & Hagströmer, Björn & Nilsson, Birger, 2013. "Does Commonality in Illiquidity Matter to Investors?," Working Papers 2013:24, Lund University, Department of Economics.
    8. Wu, Wei-Shao & Liu, Yu-Jane & Lee, Yi-Tsung & Fok, Robert C.W., 2014. "Hedging costs, liquidity, and inventory management: The evidence from option market makers," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 25-48.
    9. Tapiero, Oren J., 2013. "A maximum (non-extensive) entropy approach to equity options bid–ask spread," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(14), pages 3051-3060.
    10. Syamala, Sudhakar Reddy & Reddy, V. Nagi & Goyal, Abhinav, 2014. "Commonality in liquidity: An empirical examination of emerging order-driven equity and derivatives market," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 317-334.
    11. Park, Yang-Ho, 2015. "Volatility-of-volatility and tail risk hedging returns," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 38-63.
    12. Choy, Siu Kai & Wei, Jason, 2012. "Option trading: Information or differences of opinion?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 2299-2322.
    13. Wei, Jason & Zheng, Jinguo, 2010. "Trading activity and bid-ask spreads of individual equity options," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(12), pages 2897-2916, December.

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