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Comparison of energy efficiency strategies in the industrial sector of Slovenia


  • Al-Mansour, Fouad
  • Merse, Stane
  • Tomsic, Miha


More efficient use of energy is one of the national strategic issues for Slovenia. The new Energy Act of 1999 requires preparation of a national energy programme, to be based in part on an integrated resource planning approach at the national level. An industrial module was developed to form part of the applicable energy system analysis tools, namely a Reference Energy Model for PlaNet (PlaNet: Planning Network) under the MESAP (Modular Energy System Analysis and Planning Environment) system analysis package (Institute for Energy Economics and the Rational Use of Energy, University of Stuttgart). This bottom-up model allows for modelling of energy efficiency measures. The quandary of energy intensity versus energy efficiency was resolved by explicit presentation of a market valuation process for each industrial sector, which relates value added to a physical product indicator. Future structural changes and improvements of product value were developed, based on past trends and taking into consideration the contribution of sectors to the GDP in a “similar” country like Austria. At the process level, two strategies with different speed of introduction of energy efficiency measures were compared (Reference and Intensive) for the period from 1997 to 2020. Expedient activation of savings potentials brings economic benefits and reduction of direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions. Improvements to internal industrial conversion systems, notably cogeneration of electricity and heat, produce a major part of the overall efficiency gains.

Suggested Citation

  • Al-Mansour, Fouad & Merse, Stane & Tomsic, Miha, 2003. "Comparison of energy efficiency strategies in the industrial sector of Slovenia," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 421-440.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:28:y:2003:i:5:p:421-440
    DOI: 10.1016/S0360-5442(02)00141-X

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    6. Saidur, R. & Mahlia, T.M.I., 2010. "Energy, economic and environmental benefits of using high-efficiency motors to replace standard motors for the Malaysian industries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 4617-4625, August.
    7. Saidur, R. & Rahim, N.A. & Hasanuzzaman, M., 2010. "A review on compressed-air energy use and energy savings," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 1135-1153, May.
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    9. BoroumandJazi, G. & Rismanchi, B. & Saidur, R., 2013. "A review on exergy analysis of industrial sector," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 198-203.
    10. Connolly, D. & Lund, H. & Mathiesen, B.V. & Leahy, M., 2010. "A review of computer tools for analysing the integration of renewable energy into various energy systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(4), pages 1059-1082, April.
    11. Madlool, N.A. & Saidur, R. & Rahim, N.A. & Kamalisarvestani, M., 2013. "An overview of energy savings measures for cement industries," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 18-29.
    12. Hasanuzzaman, M. & Rahim, N.A. & Saidur, R. & Kazi, S.N., 2011. "Energy savings and emissions reductions for rewinding and replacement of industrial motor," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 233-240.
    13. Madlool, N.A. & Saidur, R. & Hossain, M.S. & Rahim, N.A., 2011. "A critical review on energy use and savings in the cement industries," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 2042-2060, May.
    14. Saidur, R. & Rahim, N.A. & Ping, H.W. & Jahirul, M.I. & Mekhilef, S. & Masjuki, H.H., 2009. "Energy and emission analysis for industrial motors in Malaysia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 3650-3658, September.
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    16. Thirugnanasambandam, M. & Hasanuzzaman, M. & Saidur, R. & Ali, M.B. & Rajakarunakaran, S. & Devaraj, D. & Rahim, N.A., 2011. "Analysis of electrical motors load factors and energy savings in an Indian cement industry," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(7), pages 4307-4314.
    17. Kohler, Marcel, 2014. "Differential electricity pricing and energy efficiency in South Africa," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 524-532.
    18. Xiaoyang Sun & Baosheng Zhang & Xu Tang & Benjamin C. McLellan & Mikael Höök, 2016. "Sustainable Energy Transitions in China: Renewable Options and Impacts on the Electricity System," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(12), pages 1-20, November.
    19. Dixon, Gene & Abdel-Salam, Tarek & Kauffmann, Paul, 2010. "Evaluation of the effectiveness of an energy efficiency program for new home construction in eastern North Carolina," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 1491-1496.

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