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Feedstock cost analysis of corn stover residues for further processing


  • Perlack, R.D.
  • Turhollow, A.F.


In this paper, we evaluate the costs for collecting, handling, and hauling corn stover to an ethanol conversion facility. We estimate costs for a conventional baling system at varying levels of feedstock demand or conversion facility size. Our results generally indicate that stover can be collected, stored, and hauled for about $43.10–51.60/dry ton using conventional baling equipment for conversion facilities ranging from 500 to 4000 dry tons/day. The cost difference between facility sizes is due to transportation. Transportation, collection and baling, and farmer payments account for over 90% of total delivered costs. These estimates are based on average corn stover resource availability assumptions and are inclusive of all costs including farmer payments. Under conditions of high resource availability costs can be lowered by $6–10/dry ton. Delivered costs increase considerably under low resource availability conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Perlack, R.D. & Turhollow, A.F., 2003. "Feedstock cost analysis of corn stover residues for further processing," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 28(14), pages 1395-1403.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:28:y:2003:i:14:p:1395-1403
    DOI: 10.1016/S0360-5442(03)00123-3

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    Cited by:

    1. Miranowski, John & Rosburg, Alicia, 2010. "An Economic Breakeven Model of Cellulosic Feedstock Production and Ethanol Conversion with Implied Carbon Pricing," Staff General Research Papers Archive 13166, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    2. Parker, Nathan C, 2007. "Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt8sp9n37c, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    3. Golecha, Rajdeep & Gan, Jianbang, 2016. "Effects of corn stover year-to-year supply variability and market structure on biomass utilization and cost," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 34-44.
    4. Lavigne, Amanda & Powers, Susan E., 2007. "Evaluating fuel ethanol feedstocks from energy policy perspectives: A comparative energy assessment of corn and corn stover," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(11), pages 5918-5930, November.
    5. Akhtari, Shaghaygh & Sowlati, Taraneh & Day, Ken, 2014. "The effects of variations in supply accessibility and amount on the economics of using regional forest biomass for generating district heat," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 631-640.
    6. Khachatryan, Hayk & Jessup, Eric L. & Casavant, Ken, 2009. "Derivation of Crop Residue Feedstock Supply Curves Using Geographic Information Systems," Journal of the Transportation Research Forum, Transportation Research Forum, vol. 48(1).
    7. Wang, Xiaoquan & Morrison, William & Du, Zhenyi & Wan, Yiqin & Lin, Xiangyang & Chen, Paul & Ruan, Roger, 2012. "Biomass temperature profile development and its implications under the microwave-assisted pyrolysis condition," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 386-392.
    8. Fan, Kang-Qi & Zhang, Peng-Fei & Pei, Z.J., 2013. "An assessment model for collecting and transporting cellulosic biomass," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 786-794.
    9. Parker, Nathan, 2007. "Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt5kr728sp, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    10. Carriquiry, Miguel A. & Du, Xiaodong & Timilsina, Govinda R., 2011. "Second generation biofuels: Economics and policies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 4222-4234, July.
    11. William Stafford & Adrian Lotter & Alan Brent & Graham von Maltitz, 2017. "Biofuels technology: A look forward," WIDER Working Paper Series 087, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    12. Diep, Nhu Quynh & Fujimoto, Shinji & Minowa, Tomoaki & Sakanishi, Kinya & Nakagoshi, Nobukazu, 2012. "Estimation of the potential of rice straw for ethanol production and the optimum facility size for different regions in Vietnam," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 205-211.
    13. Kambo, Harpreet Singh & Dutta, Animesh, 2015. "A comparative review of biochar and hydrochar in terms of production, physico-chemical properties and applications," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 359-378.
    14. Qian Chen & Yanling Jin & Guohua Zhang & Yang Fang & Yao Xiao & Hai Zhao, 2012. "Improving Production of Bioethanol from Duckweed ( Landoltia punctata ) by Pectinase Pretreatment," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(8), pages 1-14, August.
    15. Diep, Nhu Quynh & Sakanishi, Kinya & Nakagoshi, Nobukazu & Fujimoto, Shinji & Minowa, Tomoaki, 2015. "Potential for rice straw ethanol production in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 456-463.

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