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Are plants the new oil? Responsible innovation, biorefining and multipurpose agriculture


  • Shortall, O.K.
  • Raman, Sujatha
  • Millar, Kate


Bioenergy is seen as one of the options for industrialised countries to wean themselves off fossil fuels. However bioenergy, transport biofuels in particular, has faced considerable environmental and social controversies. Biorefining has been proposed in the UK and Denmark to address these concerns by using biomass efficiently for multiple purposes (food, feed, fuel, chemicals). Drawing from frameworks on responsible innovation, this paper opens up the implicit assumptions within the biorefinery concept about how biomass should be produced.

Suggested Citation

  • Shortall, O.K. & Raman, Sujatha & Millar, Kate, 2015. "Are plants the new oil? Responsible innovation, biorefining and multipurpose agriculture," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 360-368.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:86:y:2015:i:c:p:360-368
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2015.07.011

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Pries, Fred & Talebi, Alireza & Schillo, R. Sandra & Lemay, Margaret A., 2016. "Risks affecting the biofuels industry: A US and Canadian company perspective," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 93-101.
    2. Rick Bosman & Jan Rotmans, 2016. "Transition Governance towards a Bioeconomy: A Comparison of Finland and The Netherlands," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(10), pages 1-20, October.
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:6:p:1031-:d:101517 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:tefoso:v:128:y:2018:i:c:p:1-9 is not listed on IDEAS


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