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Natural gas consumption and economic growth: Are we ready to natural gas price liberalization in Iran?

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  • Heidari, Hassan
  • Katircioglu, Salih Turan
  • Saeidpour, Lesyan

Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between natural gas consumption and economic growth in Iran within a multivariate production model. We also investigate the effects of natural gas price on its consumption and economic growth using a demand side model. The paper employs bounds test approach to level relationship over the period of 1972–007. We find evidence of bidirectional positive relationship between natural gas consumption and economic growth in short-run and long-run, based on the production model. The findings also suggest that real GDP growth and natural gas have positive and negative impacts on gross fixed capital formation, respectively. Employment, however, was found to have negative but insignificant impact on gross fixed capital formation. Moreover, the estimation results of demand side model suggest that natural gas price has negative and significant impact on natural gas consumption only in the long-run, though there is insignificant impact on economic growth. These results imply that the Iranian government's decision for natural gas price liberalization has the adverse effects on economic growth and policy makers should be cautious in doing this policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Heidari, Hassan & Katircioglu, Salih Turan & Saeidpour, Lesyan, 2013. "Natural gas consumption and economic growth: Are we ready to natural gas price liberalization in Iran?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 638-645.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:63:y:2013:i:c:p:638-645
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.09.001
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    Cited by:

    1. Adewuyi, Adeolu O. & Awodumi, Olabanji B., 2017. "Renewable and non-renewable energy-growth-emissions linkages: Review of emerging trends with policy implications," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 275-291.
    2. Wang, Jianzhou & Jiang, Haiyan & Zhou, Qingping & Wu, Jie & Qin, Shanshan, 2016. "China’s natural gas production and consumption analysis based on the multicycle Hubbert model and rolling Grey model," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 1149-1167.
    3. Najafi, G. & Ghobadian, B. & Mamat, R. & Yusaf, T. & Azmi, W.H., 2015. "Solar energy in Iran: Current state and outlook," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 931-942.
    4. Mehdi Abid & Rafaa Mraihi, 2015. "Disaggregate Energy Consumption Versus Economic Growth in Tunisia: Cointegration and Structural Break Analysis," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 6(4), pages 1104-1122, December.
    5. Furuoka, Fumitaka, 2016. "Natural gas consumption and economic development in China and Japan: An empirical examination of the Asian context," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 100-115.
    6. Md. Samsul Alam & Sudharshan Reddy Paramati & Muhammad Shahbaz & Mita Bhattacharya, 2015. "Dynamics of Natural Gas Consumption, Output and Trade: Empirical Evidence from the Emerging Economies," Monash Economics Working Papers 21-15, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    7. Destek, Mehmet Akif, 2016. "Natural gas consumption and economic growth: Panel evidence from OECD countries," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 1007-1015.

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    Keywords

    Economic growth; Natural gas consumption; Iran;

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