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CO2 emissions and mitigation potential in China's ammonia industry


  • Zhou, Wenji
  • Zhu, Bing
  • Li, Qiang
  • Ma, Tieju
  • Hu, Shanying
  • Griffy-Brown, Charla


Significant pressure from increasing CO2 emissions and energy consumption in China's industrialization process has highlighted a need to understand and mitigate the sources of these emissions. Ammonia production, as one of the most important fundamental industries in China, represents those heavy industries that contribute largely to this sharp increasing trend. In the country with the largest population in the world, ammonia output has undergone fast growth spurred by increasing demand for fertilizer of food production since 1950s. However, various types of technologies implemented in the industry make ammonia plants in China operate with huge differences in both energy consumption and CO2 emissions. With consideration of these unique features, this paper attempts to estimate the amount of CO2 emission from China's ammonia production, and analyze the potential for carbon mitigation in the industry. Based on the estimation, related policy implications and measures required to realize the potential for mitigation are also discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhou, Wenji & Zhu, Bing & Li, Qiang & Ma, Tieju & Hu, Shanying & Griffy-Brown, Charla, 2010. "CO2 emissions and mitigation potential in China's ammonia industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 3701-3709, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:7:p:3701-3709

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Huanguang Qiu & Jikun Huang & Michiel Keyzer & Wim van Veen, 2008. "Policy Options for China's Bio-ethanol Development and the Implications for Its Agricultural Economy," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 16(6), pages 112-124.
    2. Rafiqul, Islam & Weber, Christoph & Lehmann, Bianca & Voss, Alfred, 2005. "Energy efficiency improvements in ammonia production—perspectives and uncertainties," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 30(13), pages 2487-2504.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhu, Bing & Zhou, Wenji & Hu, Shanying & Li, Qiang & Griffy-Brown, Charla & Jin, Yong, 2010. "CO2 emissions and reduction potential in China’s chemical industry," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 4663-4670.
    2. Tian, Jinping & Shi, Han & Li, Xing & Chen, Lujun, 2012. "Measures and potentials of energy-saving in a Chinese fine chemical industrial park," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 459-470.
    3. Zhaohua Wang & Wei Liu & Jianhua Yin, 2015. "Driving forces of indirect carbon emissions from household consumption in China: an input–output decomposition analysis," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 75(2), pages 257-272, February.
    4. Pedro Naso & Yi Huang Author Name: Tim Swanson, 2017. "The Porter Hypothesis Goes to China: Spatial Development, Environmental Regulation and Productivity," CIES Research Paper series 53-2017, Centre for International Environmental Studies, The Graduate Institute.
    5. Dong, Huijuan & Dai, Hancheng & Dong, Liang & Fujita, Tsuyoshi & Geng, Yong & Klimont, Zbigniew & Inoue, Tsuyoshi & Bunya, Shintaro & Fujii, Minoru & Masui, Toshihiko, 2015. "Pursuing air pollutant co-benefits of CO2 mitigation in China: A provincial leveled analysis," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 144(C), pages 165-174.
    6. Shan, Yuli & Liu, Zhu & Guan, Dabo, 2016. "CO2 emissions from China’s lime industry," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 166(C), pages 245-252.
    7. Lin, Boqiang & Moubarak, Mohamed, 2013. "Decomposition analysis: Change of carbon dioxide emissions in the Chinese textile industry," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 389-396.
    8. Ye Duan & Hailin Mu & Nan Li, 2016. "Analysis of the Relationship between China’s IPPU CO 2 Emissions and the Industrial Economic Growth," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(5), pages 1-19, April.


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