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Spatial modelling of industrial heat loads and recovery potentials in the UK


  • McKenna, R.C.
  • Norman, J.B.


This paper presents a spatial model of industrial heat loads and technical recovery potentials in the UK, by recourse to energetic and exergetic analysis methods. The aims were to categorise heat users into broad temperature bands; quantify heat usage and wastage at different temperatures; and to estimate the technical potential for heat recovery based on current technologies (whilst ignoring spatial and temporal constraints). The main data source was the UK National Allocation Plan for the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, supplemented by capacity/output and specific energy consumption data for certain heterogeneous sectors. Around 60% of industry has been covered in terms of energy use, and 90% of energy-intensive sectors. The total annual heat use for these sectors was estimated at 650Â PJ, with technically feasible annual savings in the region 36-71Â PJ. This is in agreement with the only extant estimates for heat recovery from industrial processes, which are 65 and 144Â PJ, respectively.

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  • McKenna, R.C. & Norman, J.B., 2010. "Spatial modelling of industrial heat loads and recovery potentials in the UK," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 5878-5891, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:10:p:5878-5891

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Persson, U. & Möller, B. & Werner, S., 2014. "Heat Roadmap Europe: Identifying strategic heat synergy regions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 663-681.
    2. Kelly, K.A. & McManus, M.C. & Hammond, G.P., 2014. "An energy and carbon life cycle assessment of industrial CHP (combined heat and power) in the context of a low carbon UK," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 812-821.
    3. repec:eee:appene:v:228:y:2018:i:c:p:390-408 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Lund, Rasmus & Persson, Urban, 2016. "Mapping of potential heat sources for heat pumps for district heating in Denmark," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 129-138.
    5. repec:eee:eneeco:v:78:y:2019:i:c:p:647-655 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Weinand, Jann & McKenna, Russell & Karner, Katharina & Braun, Lorenz & Herbes, Carsten, 2018. "Assessing the potential contribution of excess heat from biogas plants towards decarbonising German residential heating," Working Paper Series in Production and Energy 31, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Industrial Production (IIP).
    7. repec:eee:energy:v:166:y:2019:i:c:p:170-182 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Paul W. Griffin & Geoffrey P. Hammond & Jonathan B. Norman, 2016. "Industrial energy use and carbon emissions reduction: a UK perspective," Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(6), pages 684-714, November.
    9. Markus Preißinger & Dieter Brüggemann, 2017. "Thermoeconomic Evaluation of Modular Organic Rankine Cycles for Waste Heat Recovery over a Broad Range of Heat Source Temperatures and Capacities," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(3), pages 1-23, February.
    10. repec:eee:appene:v:225:y:2018:i:c:p:244-257 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Hammond, G.P. & Norman, J.B., 2014. "Heat recovery opportunities in UK industry," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 387-397.
    12. repec:eee:energy:v:151:y:2018:i:c:p:715-728 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Staffell, Iain, 2015. "Zero carbon infinite COP heat from fuel cell CHP," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 147(C), pages 373-385.
    14. repec:eee:appene:v:216:y:2018:i:c:p:452-465 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. repec:eee:appene:v:205:y:2017:i:c:p:991-1001 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Fang, Hao & Xia, Jianjun & Zhu, Kan & Su, Yingbo & Jiang, Yi, 2013. "Industrial waste heat utilization for low temperature district heating," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 236-246.
    17. repec:eee:energy:v:137:y:2017:i:c:p:617-631 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Chen, Q. & Hammond, G.P. & Norman, J.B., 2016. "Energy efficiency potentials: Contrasting thermodynamic, technical and economic limits for organic Rankine cycles within UK industry," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 984-990.
    19. Kapil, Ankur & Bulatov, Igor & Smith, Robin & Kim, Jin-Kuk, 2012. "Process integration of low grade heat in process industry with district heating networks," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 11-19.
    20. repec:eee:energy:v:151:y:2018:i:c:p:430-441 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Brueckner, Sarah & Miró, Laia & Cabeza, Luisa F. & Pehnt, Martin & Laevemann, Eberhard, 2014. "Methods to estimate the industrial waste heat potential of regions – A categorization and literature review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 164-171.


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