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Biomass gasification in cost-optimized district heating systems--A regional modelling analysis


  • Börjesson, Martin
  • Ahlgren, Erik O.


Biomass integrated gasification combined cycle (BIGCC) plants could, in combined heat and power (CHP) generation, increase the power-to-heat ratio compared to conventional biomass steam turbine plants. Furthermore, biomass gasification could also be used for the efficient production of biofuels for transport. In this study, different applications of biomass gasification in connection to district heating (DH) are analysed and contrasted to conventional technology options. An application of the cost-optimizing energy system model MARKAL with a detailed description of the DH sector in a southwestern region of Sweden was developed within the study and used in the analysis. Policy measures for CO2 reduction and for promotion of "green" electricity are assumed, and required subsidy levels for large-scale production of transport biofuels are calculated. The model also operates with different supplies of biomass: a local supply at a lower cost and an international supply of refined biomass at a slightly higher cost. The study shows that investments in BIGCC CHP are often cost-efficient in cases with low ambitions regarding transport biofuels. However, due to limitations in heat demand and in local, lower cost, supply of biomass, investment in biofuel production means less investment in BIGCC CHP and, thereby, a smaller electricity production.

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  • Börjesson, Martin & Ahlgren, Erik O., 2010. "Biomass gasification in cost-optimized district heating systems--A regional modelling analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 168-180, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:1:p:168-180

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Holmgren, Kristina M. & Berntsson, Thore S. & Andersson, Eva & Rydberg, Tomas, 2016. "Comparison of integration options for gasification-based biofuel production systems – Economic and greenhouse gas emission implications," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 272-294.
    2. Sennai Mesfun & Jan-Olof Anderson & Kentaro Umeki & Andrea Toffolo, 2016. "Integrated SNG Production in a Typical Nordic Sawmill," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(5), pages 1-19, April.
    3. Wetterlund, Elisabeth & Leduc, Sylvain & Dotzauer, Erik & Kindermann, Georg, 2012. "Optimal localisation of biofuel production on a European scale," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 462-472.
    4. Laurijssen, Jobien & Faaij, André & Worrell, Ernst, 2012. "Energy conversion strategies in the European paper industry – A case study in three countries," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 102-113.
    5. Shabani, Nazanin & Akhtari, Shaghaygh & Sowlati, Taraneh, 2013. "Value chain optimization of forest biomass for bioenergy production: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 299-311.
    6. Hagos, Dejene Assefa & Gebremedhin, Alemayehu & Bolkesjø, Torjus Folsland, 2017. "The prospects of bioenergy in the future energy system of Inland Norway," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 78-91.
    7. Börjesson, Martin & Ahlgren, Erik O., 2012. "Cost-effective biogas utilisation – A modelling assessment of gas infrastructural options in a regional energy system," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 212-226.
    8. Sandvall, Akram Fakhri & Ahlgren, Erik O. & Ekvall, Tomas, 2016. "System profitability of excess heat utilisation – A case-based modelling analysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 424-434.
    9. Shabani, Nazanin & Sowlati, Taraneh, 2013. "A mixed integer non-linear programming model for tactical value chain optimization of a wood biomass power plant," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 353-361.
    10. Wetterlund, Elisabeth & Pettersson, Karin & Harvey, Simon, 2011. "Systems analysis of integrating biomass gasification with pulp and paper production – Effects on economic performance, CO2 emissions and energy use," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 932-941.
    11. Forsell, Nicklas & Guerassimoff, Gilles & Athanassiadis, Dimitris & Thivolle-Casat, Alain & Lorne, Daphné & Millet, Guy & Assoumou, Edi, 2013. "Sub-national TIMES model for analyzing future regional use of biomass and biofuels in Sweden and France," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 415-426.
    12. Cansino, José M. & Pablo-Romero, María del P. & Román, Rocío & Yñiguez, Rocío, 2011. "Promoting renewable energy sources for heating and cooling in EU-27 countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 3803-3812, June.
    13. Gustavsson, Leif & Truong, Nguyen Le, 2011. "Coproduction of district heat and electricity or biomotor fuels," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 6263-6277.
    14. Gebremedhin, Alemayehu, 2014. "Optimal utilisation of heat demand in district heating system—A case study," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 230-236.
    15. Tereshchenko, Tymofii & Nord, Natasa, 2016. "Energy planning of district heating for future building stock based on renewable energies and increasing supply flexibility," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 1227-1244.
    16. Zhengfeng Zhang & Wei Zhao & Wenwu Zhao, 2014. "Commercialization Development of Crop Straw Gasification Technologies in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(12), pages 1-20, December.
    17. Cambero, Claudia & Sowlati, Taraneh, 2014. "Assessment and optimization of forest biomass supply chains from economic, social and environmental perspectives – A review of literature," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 62-73.
    18. repec:eee:energy:v:141:y:2017:i:c:p:1764-1778 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. repec:gam:jeners:v:9:y:2016:i:5:p:333:d:69263 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Sandvall, Akram Fakhri & Börjesson, Martin & Ekvall, Tomas & Ahlgren, Erik O., 2015. "Modelling environmental and energy system impacts of large-scale excess heat utilisation – A regional case study," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 68-79.
    21. Wetterlund, Elisabeth & Söderström, Mats, 2010. "Biomass gasification in district heating systems - The effect of economic energy policies," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(9), pages 2914-2922, September.


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