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Energy efficiency in India: Assessing the policy regimes and their impacts

  • Balachandra, P.
  • Ravindranath, Darshini
  • Ravindranath, N.H.

In the recent years, India has emerged as one of the fast growing economies of the world necessitating equally rapid increase in modern energy consumption. With an imminent global climate change threat, India will have difficulties in continuing with this rising energy use levels towards achieving high economic growth. It will have to follow an energy-efficient pathway in attaining this goal. In this context, an attempt is made to present India's achievements on the energy efficiency front by tracing the evolution of policies and their impacts. The results indicate that India has made substantial progress in improving energy efficiency which is evident from the reductions achieved in energy intensities of GDP to the tune of 88% during 1980-2007. Similar reductions have been observed both with respect to overall Indian economy and the major sectors of the economy. In terms of energy intensity of GDP, India occupies a relatively high position of nine among the top 30 energy consuming countries of the world.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
Issue (Month): 11 (November)
Pages: 6428-6438

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Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:11:p:6428-6438
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

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  1. Liao, Hua & Fan, Ying & Wei, Yi-Ming, 2007. "What induced China's energy intensity to fluctuate: 1997-2006?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 4640-4649, September.
  2. Binay Kumar Ray & B. Sudhakara Reddy, 2008. "Understanding industrial energy use: Physical energy intensity changes in Indian manufacturing sector," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2008-011, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  3. Binay Kumar Ray & B. Sudhakara Reddy, 2008. "Understanding industrial energy use - Physical energy intensity changes in Indian manufacturing sector," Energy Working Papers 22328, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
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