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Renewable energy cooperatives: Facilitating the energy transition at the Port of Rotterdam


  • Hentschel, Moritz
  • Ketter, Wolfgang
  • Collins, John


Renewable energy cooperatives (RECs) are an important element of the European energy transition. Allowing citizens and companies to invest in renewable energy and thereby become independent power producers has advanced the acceptance of renewable energy among the population, accelerating the move toward a more decentralized and sustainable power supply. We investigate how a REC could be designed to increase renewable energy deployment at the Port of Rotterdam. Based on a progressive case study conducted among a wide array of stakeholders at the Port and across Europe, we have found 14 specific characteristics a REC should embody to facilitate the energy transition at the Port. Based on these results, we present an action plan with concrete recommendations on how a successful cooperative could be launched at the Port. The results of this research can serve as a guide for stakeholders in any industrial cluster interested in driving the energy transition through a REC.

Suggested Citation

  • Hentschel, Moritz & Ketter, Wolfgang & Collins, John, 2018. "Renewable energy cooperatives: Facilitating the energy transition at the Port of Rotterdam," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 61-69.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:121:y:2018:i:c:p:61-69
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.06.014

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mercedes Delgado & Michael E. Porter & Scott Stern, 2010. "Clusters and entrepreneurship," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(4), pages 495-518, July.
    2. Martin Bichler & Alok Gupta & Wolfgang Ketter, 2010. "Research Commentary ---Designing Smart Markets," Information Systems Research, INFORMS, vol. 21(4), pages 688-699, December.
    3. Ketter, Wolfgang & Collins, John & Reddy, Prashant, 2013. "Power TAC: A competitive economic simulation of the smart grid," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 262-270.
    4. Rieger, Alexander & Thummert, Robert & Fridgen, Gilbert & Kahlen, Micha & Ketter, Wolfgang, 2016. "Estimating the benefits of cooperation in a residential microgrid: A data-driven approach," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 180(C), pages 130-141.
    5. repec:eee:appene:v:210:y:2018:i:c:p:800-814 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Zhang, Bin & Wang, Zhaohua, 2014. "Inter-firm collaborations on carbon emission reduction within industrial chains in China: Practices, drivers and effects on firms' performances," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 115-131.
    7. repec:spr:proiis:978-3-319-06160-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Walker, Gordon, 2008. "What are the barriers and incentives for community-owned means of energy production and use?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 4401-4405, December.
    9. Delgado, Mercedes & Porter, Michael E. & Stern, Scott, 2014. "Clusters, convergence, and economic performance," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(10), pages 1785-1799.
    10. Timo Kaphengst & Eike Karola Velten, 2014. "Energy transition and behavioural change in rural areas - The role of energy cooperatives," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 60, WWWforEurope.
    11. Yildiz Özgür, 2013. "Energiegenossenschaften in Deutschland – Bestandsentwicklung und institutionenökonomische Analyse," Zeitschrift für das gesamte Genossenschaftswesen, De Gruyter, vol. 63(3), pages 173-186, September.
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    1. repec:eee:appene:v:244:y:2019:i:c:p:46-62 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:gam:jeners:v:12:y:2019:i:6:p:970-:d:213430 is not listed on IDEAS


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