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Cognitive change and consensus forming in facilitated modelling: A comparison of experienced and observed outcomes

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  • de Gooyert, Vincent
  • Rouwette, Etiënne
  • van Kranenburg, Hans
  • Freeman, Edward
  • van Breen, Harry

Abstract

Facilitated modelling is an approach where operational researchers act as facilitators to model an issue collaboratively with stakeholders. The potential benefits of facilitated modelling, including cognitive change and consensus forming, have been extensively described. However, the evidence that these benefits are achieved often remains anecdotical, and mainly relies on self-reported assessments. This is problematic, as self-reported measures can prove unreliable. In this study we adopted a pre-test post-test design to analyse whether the intended outcomes of eight facilitated modelling workshops were achieved. We compared the outcomes as experienced by participants of the workshops with observed outcomes. Our results show that cognitive change and consensus forming were achieved. However, experienced and observed cognitive change were not related. For consensus forming, we did find a modest correlation between experienced and observed outcomes. We discuss implications for facilitated modelling research and practice.

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  • de Gooyert, Vincent & Rouwette, Etiënne & van Kranenburg, Hans & Freeman, Edward & van Breen, Harry, 2022. "Cognitive change and consensus forming in facilitated modelling: A comparison of experienced and observed outcomes," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 299(2), pages 589-599.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:299:y:2022:i:2:p:589-599
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2021.09.007
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