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A hybrid hypercube - Genetic algorithm approach for deploying many emergency response mobile units in an urban network

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  • Geroliminis, Nikolas
  • Kepaptsoglou, Konstantinos
  • Karlaftis, Matthew G.

Abstract

Emergency response services are critical for modern societies. This paper presents a model and a heuristic solution for the optimal deployment of many emergency response units in an urban transportation network and an application for transit mobile repair units (TMRU) in the city of Athens, Greece. The model considers the stochastic nature of such services, suggesting that a unit may be already engaged, when an incident occurs. The proposed model integrates a queuing model (the hypercube model), a location model and a metaheuristic optimization algorithm (genetic algorithm) for obtaining appropriate unit locations in a two-step approach. In the first step, the service area is partitioned into sub-areas (called superdistricts) while, in parallel, necessary number of units is determined for each superdistrict. An approximate solution to the symmetric hypercube model with spatially homogeneous demand is developed. A Genetic Algorithm is combined with the approximate hypercube model for obtaining best superdistricts and associated unit numbers. With both of the above requirements defined in step one, the second step proceeds in the optimal deployment of units within each superdistrict.

Suggested Citation

  • Geroliminis, Nikolas & Kepaptsoglou, Konstantinos & Karlaftis, Matthew G., 2011. "A hybrid hypercube - Genetic algorithm approach for deploying many emergency response mobile units in an urban network," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 210(2), pages 287-300, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:210:y:2011:i:2:p:287-300
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Iannoni, Ana Paula & Chiyoshi, Fernando & Morabito, Reinaldo, 2015. "A spatially distributed queuing model considering dispatching policies with server reservation," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 49-66.
    2. Boyacı, Burak & Geroliminis, Nikolas, 2015. "Approximation methods for large-scale spatial queueing systems," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 151-181.
    3. Leknes, Håkon & Aartun, Eirik Skorge & Andersson, Henrik & Christiansen, Marielle & Granberg, Tobias Andersson, 2017. "Strategic ambulance location for heterogeneous regions," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 260(1), pages 122-133.
    4. Sun Hoon Kim & Young Hoon Lee, 2016. "Iterative optimization algorithm with parameter estimation for the ambulance location problem," Health Care Management Science, Springer, vol. 19(4), pages 362-382, December.
    5. McCormack, Richard & Coates, Graham, 2015. "A simulation model to enable the optimization of ambulance fleet allocation and base station location for increased patient survival," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 247(1), pages 294-309.
    6. Shariat-Mohaymany, Afshin & Babaei, Mohsen & Moadi, Saeed & Amiripour, Sayyed Mahdi, 2012. "Linear upper-bound unavailability set covering models for locating ambulances: Application to Tehran rural roads," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 221(1), pages 263-272.
    7. Su, Qiang & Luo, Qinyi & Huang, Samuel H., 2015. "Cost-effective analyses for emergency medical services deployment: A case study in Shanghai," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 163(C), pages 112-123.

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