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Productivity, trade and the R&D content of intermediate inputs

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  • Nishioka, Shuichiro
  • Ripoll, Marla

Abstract

This paper explores a novel way to evaluate the extent to which R&D knowledge embodied in intermediate inputs correlates with productivity at the industry level. We propose the concept of the R&D content of intermediates, which represents the knowledge stock embodied in the intermediate inputs used in production. Using a sample of 32 countries and 13 manufacturing industries we compute the elasticity of industry-level TFP with respect to the R&D content of intermediates. We find that among high-R&D industries, the R&D embodied in inputs purchased from the own industry is significantly associated with industry-level TFP. In this case, both own-industry domestic inputs as well as those imported from the G5 countries are relevant. In contrast, intermediate input trade does not appear to be a significant channel of R&D diffusion among low-R&D industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Nishioka, Shuichiro & Ripoll, Marla, 2012. "Productivity, trade and the R&D content of intermediate inputs," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 56(8), pages 1573-1592.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:56:y:2012:i:8:p:1573-1592
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2012.08.004
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    2. Neil Foster-McGregor & Johannes Pöschl, 2016. "Productivity effects of knowledge transfers through labour mobility," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 169-184, December.
    3. Christina Poetzsch, 2017. "Technology transfer on a two-way street: R&D spillovers through intermediate input usage and supply," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 153(4), pages 735-751, November.
    4. Neil Foster-McGregor & Johannes Pöschl & Robert Stehrer, 2014. "Capacities and Absorptive Barriers for International R&D Spillovers through Intermediate Inputs," wiiw Working Papers 108, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    5. Thomas Brenner, 2014. "Science, Innovation and National Growth," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2014-03, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
    6. Ndubuisi, Gideon & Mensah, Emmanuel & Owusu, Solomon, 2020. "Export Variety and Imported Intermediate Inputs: Industry-Level Evidence from Africa," MPRA Paper 106008, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Sixtus Cyprian Onyekwere, 2019. "The Impact of Research and Development (R&D) Expenditure on Productivity Growth: A Panel Data Evidence from the UK Manufacturing Sector," Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research, Asian Online Journal Publishing Group, vol. 6(2), pages 205-215.
    8. Zhang, Gupeng & Zhou, Jianghua, 2016. "The effects of forward and reverse engineering on firm innovation performance in the stages of technology catch-up: An empirical study of China," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 212-222.
    9. Ana Maria Santacreu & Federico Gavazzoni, 2015. "International R&D Spillovers and Asset Prices," 2015 Meeting Papers 405, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    10. Piermartini, Roberta & Rubínová, Stela, 2014. "Knowledge spillovers through international supply chains," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2014-11, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    11. Betarelli Junior, Admir Antonio & Faria, Weslem Rodrigues & Gonçalves Montenegro, Rosa Livia & Bahia, Domitila Santos & Gonçalves, Eduardo, 2020. "Research and development, productive structure and economic effects: Assessing the role of public financing in Brazil," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 235-253.
    12. Chiara Criscuolo & Jonathan Timmis, 2017. "The Relationship Between Global Value Chains and Productivity," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 32, pages 61-83, Spring.
    13. Eduardo Gonçalves & Fernando Salgueiro Perobelli & Inácio Fernandes Araújo, 2017. "Estimating intersectoral technology spillovers for Brazil," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 42(6), pages 1377-1406, December.
    14. Nishioka, Shuichiro, 2013. "R&D, trade in intermediate inputs, and the comparative advantage of advanced countries," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 96-110.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International transfer of technology; Intermediate input trade; R&D stock; Industry-level TFP;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies

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