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Liquidity risk, economic development, and the effects of monetary policy

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  • Ghossoub, Edgar
  • Reed III, Robert R.

Abstract

Empirical evidence indicates that monetary policy is not super-neutral in many countries. In particular, in high inflation economies, inflation is negatively related to economic activity. By comparison, inflation may be positively correlated with output in low inflation countries. We present a neoclassical growth model with money in which the incidence of liquidity risk is inversely related to aggregate capital formation. Interestingly, there may be multiple monetary steady-states where the effects of monetary policy vary. In poor economies, the financial system is highly distorted and higher rates of money growth are associated with less capital formation. In contrast, in advanced economies, a Tobin effect is observed. Since inflation exacerbates distortions from a coordination failure in the low-capital steady-state, individuals become much more exposed to liquidity risk. Consequently, optimal monetary policy depends on the level of development.

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  • Ghossoub, Edgar & Reed III, Robert R., 2010. "Liquidity risk, economic development, and the effects of monetary policy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 252-268, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:54:y:2010:i:2:p:252-268
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Waeibrorheem Waemustafa & Suriani Sukri, 2015. "Bank Specific and Macroeconomics Dynamic Determinants of Credit Risk in Islamic Banks and Conventional Banks," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(2), pages 476-481.
    2. TINA M. Edgar A. Ghossoub & TINA M. Robert R. Reedy, 2012. "Financial Development and the Distributional Effects of Monetary Policy Do the distributional consequences of monetary policy depend on the extent of financial development? Should optimal monetary pol," Working Papers 0035, College of Business, University of Texas at San Antonio.
    3. Ghossoub, Edgar A., 2012. "Liquidity risk and financial competition: Implications for asset prices and monetary policy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 155-173.
    4. Robert R. Reed & Edgar A. Ghossoub, 2013. "Thresholds and the Welfare Cost of Inflation," Working Papers 0186eco, College of Business, University of Texas at San Antonio.
    5. Edgar A. Ghossoub, 2015. "Inflation Thresholds and the Efficiency of the Banking Sector," Working Papers 0159eco, College of Business, University of Texas at San Antonio.
    6. Aziz, Nur Azra Farzana, 2017. "Risk and performance: empirical evidence from bank of tokyo-mitsubishi ufj," MPRA Paper 78358, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Ghossoub, Edgar A. & Reed, Robert R., 2015. "The size distribution of the banking sector and the effects of monetary policy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 156-176.
    8. Ghossoub, Edgar A. & Reed, Robert R., 2014. "The cost of capital, asset prices, and the effects of monetary policy," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 211-228.
    9. Ghossoub, Edgar A. & Reed, Robert R., 2017. "Financial development, income inequality, and the redistributive effects of monetary policy," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 167-189.
    10. Ramlan, Nur Hu Yani, 2017. "Firm Risk and Performance: The Role of Corporate Governance in Bertam Alliance Berhad," MPRA Paper 78378, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Apr 2017.
    11. Reed, Robert R. & Ghossoub, Edgar A., 2012. "The effects of monetary policy at different stages of economic development," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 117(1), pages 138-141.

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