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A new instrumental method for dealing with endogenous selection

  • d'Haultfoeuille, Xavier

This paper develops a new method for dealing with endogenous selection. The usual instrumental strategy based on the independence between the outcome and the instrument is likely to fail when selection is directly driven by the dependent variable. Instead, we suggest to rely on the independence between the instrument and the selection variable, conditional on the outcome. This approach may be particularly suitable for nonignorable nonresponse, binary models with missing covariates or Roy models with an unobserved sector. The nonparametric identification of the joint distribution of the variables is obtained under a completeness assumption, which has been used recently in several nonparametric instrumental problems. Even if the conditional independence between the instrument and the selection variable fails to hold, the approach provides sharp bounds on parameters of interest under weaker monotonicity conditions. Apart from identification, nonparametric and parametric estimations are also considered. Finally, the method is applied to estimate the effect of grade retention in French primary schools.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Econometrics.

Volume (Year): 154 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 1-15

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Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:154:y:2010:i:1:p:1-15
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