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Spatial correlation between homicide rates and inequality: Evidence from urban neighborhoods

Author

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  • Menezes, Tatiane
  • Silveira-Neto, Raul
  • Monteiro, Circe
  • Ratton, José Luiz

Abstract

Working with a unique neighborhood homicide dataset from 2008 to 2010, this paper makes two contributions. First, we capture the importance of the spatial dependence on homicide rates within large urban center neighborhoods. Second, we measure the influence of spatial dependence more precisely by calculating the total, direct, and indirect effects of neighborhood characteristics on homicides. The results show that areas with low homicides rates are surrounded by neighborhoods with high murder rates, and that, despite the significant positive effect of inequality on criminality, this influence is mitigated by the nature of the spatial dependence of criminality among the neighbors.

Suggested Citation

  • Menezes, Tatiane & Silveira-Neto, Raul & Monteiro, Circe & Ratton, José Luiz, 2013. "Spatial correlation between homicide rates and inequality: Evidence from urban neighborhoods," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 120(1), pages 97-99.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolet:v:120:y:2013:i:1:p:97-99
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2013.03.040
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Scorzafave, Luiz Guilherme & Soares, Milena Karla, 2009. "Income inequality and pecuniary crimes," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 104(1), pages 40-42, July.
    2. Morgan Kelly, 2000. "Inequality And Crime," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(4), pages 530-539, November.
    3. J. Barkley Rosser, 2009. "Introduction," Chapters,in: Handbook of Research on Complexity, chapter 1 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Edward L. Glaeser & Bruce Sacerdote, 1999. "Why Is There More Crime in Cities?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(S6), pages 225-258, December.
    5. Brush, Jesse, 2007. "Does income inequality lead to more crime? A comparison of cross-sectional and time-series analyses of United States counties," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 96(2), pages 264-268, August.
    6. Choe, Jongmook, 2008. "Income inequality and crime in the United States," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 101(1), pages 31-33, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Catalina Gómez Toro & Hermilson Velásquez & Joaquín Andrés Urrego & Juan David Valderrama, 2014. "Efecto de los Ingresos Permanentes sobre el Delito: Un Enfoque Espacial y un Caso de Aplicación," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF 010900, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.
    2. Paul Elhorst & Diego Firmino Costa da Silva & Raul da Mota Silveira Neto, 2015. "A Spatial Economic Model and Spatial Econometric Analysis of Population Dynamics in Brazilian MCAs," ERSA conference papers ersa15p83, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Criminality; Inequality; Homicides; Neighborhoods; Brazil;

    JEL classification:

    • D6 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics
    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics

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