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The impact of recession on drinking and smoking behaviours in Canada

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  • Latif, Ehsan

Abstract

Using longitudinal data from the Canadian National Population Health Survey (1994-2009), this study examined the impact of macroeconomic conditions as measured by the provincial unemployment rate on individual alcohol drinking and smoking behaviour. After controlling for unobserved individual specific heterogeneity, the study found that for the overall sample, unemployment rate has a significant positive impact on weekly alcohol consumption as well as on the probability of being a binge drinker. The study further found that unemployment rate has a significant positive impact on the number of cigarettes smoked by the daily smokers. However, unemployment rate has no impact on the probability of being a smoker. The study further examined whether or not there is a gender difference in the impact of unemployment rate on drinking and smoking behaviour. The results suggest that the impact of unemployment rate on drinking and smoking behaviour is more pronounced for males than for females.

Suggested Citation

  • Latif, Ehsan, 2014. "The impact of recession on drinking and smoking behaviours in Canada," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 43-56.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:42:y:2014:i:c:p:43-56
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2014.05.041
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ásgeirsdóttir, Tinna Laufey & Corman, Hope & Noonan, Kelly & Reichman, Nancy E., 2016. "Lifecycle effects of a recession on health behaviors: Boom, bust, and recovery in Iceland," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 90-107.
    2. Goel, Rajeev K. & Payne, James E. & Saunoris, James W., 2016. "Spillovers from the beer market to U.S. cigarette demand," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 292-297.
    3. Glavas, Dejan & Bancel, Franck, 2018. "Are Agency Problems a Determinant of Green Bond Issuance?," MPRA Paper 88377, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Tinna Laufey Asgeirsdottir & Asgerður Th. Bjornsdottir & Thorhildur Ólafsdóttir, 2017. "Drinking behavior during the Icelandic economic boom, crisis, and recovery," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 15(4), pages 1191-1213, December.

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