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The environmental Kuznets curve and equilibrium indeterminacy

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  • Fernández, Esther
  • Pérez, Rafaela
  • Ruiz, Jesús

Abstract

We illustrate that the existence of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) could be the result of indeterminacy of equilibria. In a simple neoclassical growth model with a single environmental externality in households’ utility function and with public abatement, we characterize the condition on the parameters in preferences and in the pollution technology leading to local indeterminacy of equilibrium. Estimates of the crucial parameters of the model using data from economies that display the EKC satisfy the theoretical indeterminacy condition. We find that the presence of abatement activities is not a necessary condition for indeterminacy equilibria and hence, an EKC to arise. On the other hand, non-separability of consumption and pollution in the utility function is crucial.

Suggested Citation

  • Fernández, Esther & Pérez, Rafaela & Ruiz, Jesús, 2012. "The environmental Kuznets curve and equilibrium indeterminacy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 1700-1717.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:36:y:2012:i:11:p:1700-1717 DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2012.05.004
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Stefano Bosi & David Desmarchelier, 2015. "Limit Cycles under a Negative Effect of Pollution on Consumption Demand: The Role of an Environmental Kuznets Curve," CEEES Paper Series CE3S-03/15, European University at St. Petersburg, Department of Economics.
    2. repec:bla:jpbect:v:19:y:2017:i:5:p:937-956 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Stefano Bosi & David Desmarchelier, 2016. "Pollution and infectious diseases," Working Papers 2016.22, FAERE - French Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.
    4. Wang, Min & Zhao, Jinhua & Bhattacharya, Joydeep, 2015. "Optimal health and environmental policies in a pollution-growth nexus," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 160-179.
    5. Chaudhry, Azam & Tanveer, Hafsa & Naz, R., 2017. "Unique and multiple equilibria in a macroeconomic model with environmental quality: An analysis of local stability," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 206-214.
    6. Stefano Bosi & David Desmarchelier & Lionel Ragot, 2015. "Preferences and pollution cycles," EconomiX Working Papers 2015-36, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    7. Stefano Bosi & David Desmarchelier, 2017. "Are the Laffer curve and the green paradox mutually exclusive?," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 19(5), pages 937-956, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environmental Kuznets curve; Local indeterminacy; Environmental taxes; Pollution; Public abatement;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy

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