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Recent reforms in childcare and family policies in France and Germany: What was at stake?

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  • Fagnani, Jeanne

Abstract

Since the 1990s, dramatic changes in German family policy have occurred and legislators have increasingly placed more distance between themselves and the traditional male-breadwinner model through the introduction of new laws in the domain of parental leave and child care provision. France, for its part has continued to progressively consolidate and enhance its promotion of policies to support the work/family life balance along with steady increases in spending related to childcare provision. Despite a rise in its overall supply of formal childcare Germany, however, still lags far behind France in this domain, a phenomenon that can be partially explained by a combination of institutional obstacles, the persistence of social norms governing childcare for under-threes, and excessive demand.

Suggested Citation

  • Fagnani, Jeanne, 2012. "Recent reforms in childcare and family policies in France and Germany: What was at stake?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 509-516.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:34:y:2012:i:3:p:509-516
    DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.10.011
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Katharina Wrohlich, 2008. "The excess demand for subsidized child care in Germany," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(10), pages 1217-1228.
    2. Spiess, C.Katharina & Wrohlich, Katharina, 2008. "The Parental Leave Benefit Reform in Germany: Costs and Labour Market Outcomes of Moving towards the Nordic Model," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 575-591.
    3. Muehler, Grit, 2008. "Institutional Childcare: An Overview on the German Market," ZEW Discussion Papers 08-077, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    4. Elke Holst, 2005. "Women Managers: Enormous Deficit in Large Companies and Employer's Associations," Weekly Report, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 1(4), pages 57-67.
    5. Susan Himmelweit, 2007. "The prospects for caring: economic theory and policy analysis," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 31(4), pages 581-599, July.
    6. Alexandre Baclet & Fabien Dell & Katharina Wrohlich, 2007. "Composantes familiales des impôts sur le revenu en Allemagne et en France : les différences pertinentes," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 401(1), pages 39-59.
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