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The link between developmental components (age and gender), need to belong and resources of self-control and feelings of happiness, and frequency of symptoms among Arab adolescents in Israel

  • Agbaria, Qutaiba
  • Ronen, Tammie
  • Hamama, Liat
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    The present study focuses on examining the links between developmental components (age and sex), the need to belong and resources of self-control and feelings of happiness, and the frequency of symptoms among Arab adolescents in Israel. 93 Arab adolescents aged 16 to 18 from two schools in the “northern triangle” region of Israel took part in the study. The findings indicate that developmental components—age and sex—contribute to explaining variance in symptom frequency. In addition, it was found that the happier an adolescent is, the lower the frequency of symptoms, and that the need to belong contributes to raising the level of phobic anxiety, one of the components of the symptom scale. Self-control was not found to contribute significantly to explaining variance in symptom frequency. This study has theoretical implications with respect to the importance of developmental components in explaining adolescent behavior. It also has practical implications: development of feelings of happiness to help reduce symptom frequency.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0190740912001326
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Children and Youth Services Review.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 10 ()
    Pages: 2018-2027

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:34:y:2012:i:10:p:2018-2027
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/childyouth

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    1. Michael Fordyce, 1988. "A review of research on the happiness measures: A sixty second index of happiness and mental health," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 20(4), pages 355-381, August.
    2. Folkman, Susan, 1997. "Positive psychological states and coping with severe stress," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 45(8), pages 1207-1221, October.
    3. Sonja Lyubomirsky & Heidi Lepper, 1999. "A Measure of Subjective Happiness: Preliminary Reliability and Construct Validation," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 137-155, February.
    4. Al-Eissa, Youssef A., 1995. "The impact of the Gulf armed conflict on the health and behaviour of Kuwaiti children," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 41(7), pages 1033-1037, October.
    5. Ruut Veenhoven, 1991. "Is happiness relative?," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 24(1), pages 1-34, February.
    6. Torsheim, Torbjorn & Aaroe, Leif Edvard & Wold, Bente, 2001. "Sense of coherence and school-related stress as predictors of subjective health complaints in early adolescence: interactive, indirect or direct relationships?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 53(5), pages 603-614, September.
    7. Farhood, Laila & Zurayk, Huda & Chaya, Monique & Saadeh, Fadia & Meshefedjian, Garbis & Sidani, Thuraya, 1993. "The impact of war on the physical and mental health of the family: The Lebanese experience," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 1555-1567, June.
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