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A novel control approach for virtual synchronous generators to suppress frequency and voltage fluctuations in microgrids

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  • Hirase, Yuko
  • Abe, Kensho
  • Sugimoto, Kazushige
  • Sakimoto, Kenichi
  • Bevrani, Hassan
  • Ise, Toshifumi

Abstract

To achieve a more sustainable supply of electricity, consumers are expected to rely increasingly on combinations of various types of power generators. Among them, distributed generators (DGs) utilizing renewable energy sources (RESs) are a promising solution. However, introducing renewable energy based DGs into microgrids (MGs) can reduce the inertia of the whole power system, and hence, the system frequency and the voltage can be fluctuated. Furthermore, unnecessary interference occurs as the number of synchronous machines increases. To address these issues, it is desirable to develop a noble inverter control method for DGs, and to gain an intuitive understanding of the dynamic characteristics of MG power systems. In this paper, the impacts of frequency/voltage deviations in MGs are mathematically investigated using algebraic-type virtual synchronous generator (VSG). The algebraic-type VSG with a minimal number of parameters has an ability to suppress the system frequency and voltage deviations. The proposed control approach presents a suitable solution for penetration of more and more renewable energy into the existing power grids. The results of the analysis were verified via simulations and experiments.

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  • Hirase, Yuko & Abe, Kensho & Sugimoto, Kazushige & Sakimoto, Kenichi & Bevrani, Hassan & Ise, Toshifumi, 2018. "A novel control approach for virtual synchronous generators to suppress frequency and voltage fluctuations in microgrids," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 210(C), pages 699-710.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:210:y:2018:i:c:p:699-710
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.06.058
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Zipeng Ke & Yuxing Dai & Zishun Peng & Guoqiang Zeng & Jun Wang & Minying Li & Yong Ning, 2020. "VSG Control Strategy Incorporating Voltage Inertia and Virtual Impedance for Microgrids," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(16), pages 1-15, August.
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    5. Natascia Andrenacci & Elio Chiodo & Davide Lauria & Fabio Mottola, 2018. "Life Cycle Estimation of Battery Energy Storage Systems for Primary Frequency Regulation," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(12), pages 1-24, November.
    6. Hirase, Y. & Noro, O. & Nakagawa, H. & Yoshimura, E. & Katsura, S. & Abe, K. & Sugimoto, K. & Sakimoto, K., 2018. "Decentralised and interlink-less power interchange among residences in microgrids using virtual synchronous generator control," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 228(C), pages 2437-2447.
    7. Li, Pengfei & Hu, Weihao & Xu, Xiao & Huang, Qi & Liu, Zhou & Chen, Zhe, 2019. "A frequency control strategy of electric vehicles in microgrid using virtual synchronous generator control," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 189(C).
    8. Muhammad Saeed Uz Zaman & Muhammad Irfan & Muhammad Ahmad & Manuel Mazzara & Chul-Hwan Kim, 2020. "Modeling the Impact of Modified Inertia Coefficient (H) due to ESS in Power System Frequency Response Analysis," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(4), pages 1-18, February.
    9. Kheshti, Mostafa & Ding, Lei & Nayeripour, Majid & Wang, Xiaowei & Terzija, Vladimir, 2019. "Active power support of wind turbines for grid frequency events using a reliable power reference scheme," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 1241-1254.
    10. Cagnano, A. & Caldarulo Bugliari, A. & De Tuglie, E., 2018. "A cooperative control for the reserve management of isolated microgrids," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 218(C), pages 256-265.
    11. Attya, A.B. & Anaya-Lara, O. & Leithead, W.E., 2018. "Novel concept of renewables association with synchronous generation for enhancing the provision of ancillary services," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 229(C), pages 1035-1047.
    12. Abdollah Younesi & Hossein Shayeghi & Pierluigi Siano, 2020. "Assessing the Use of Reinforcement Learning for Integrated Voltage/Frequency Control in AC Microgrids," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(5), pages 1-22, March.
    13. Muhammad Saeed Uz Zaman & Syed Basit Ali Bukhari & Khalid Mousa Hazazi & Zunaib Maqsood Haider & Raza Haider & Chul-Hwan Kim, 2018. "Frequency Response Analysis of a Single-Area Power System with a Modified LFC Model Considering Demand Response and Virtual Inertia," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(4), pages 1-20, March.
    14. Cagnano, A. & De Tuglie, E. & Mancarella, P., 2020. "Microgrids: Overview and guidelines for practical implementations and operation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 258(C).
    15. Malik, Sarmad Majeed & Sun, Yingyun & Huang, Wen & Ai, Xin & Shuai, Zhikang, 2018. "A Generalized Droop Strategy for Interlinking Converter in a Standalone Hybrid Microgrid," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 226(C), pages 1056-1063.

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