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Impact of global warming on cowpea bean cultivation in northeastern Brazil


  • Silva, Vicente de P.R.
  • Campos, João H.B.C.
  • Silva, Madson T.
  • Azevedo, Pedro V.


This study evaluated the effects of climate change on cowpea bean crop grown in northeastern Brazil based on the reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The water balance model combined with Geographic Information System techniques was used to identify regional areas where the cowpea bean crop will suffer yield reduction due to climate changes. Model input variables were: rainfall, crop coefficients, potential evapotranspiration and duration of the crop cycle. A limit value of 0.5 was adopted for the water requirement satisfaction index (WRSI), being the ratio of actual to maximum evapotranspiration. The acceptable seeding date was defined as the date at which the water balance simulation presented a WRSI value greater than the limit value, with a frequency of at least 80%. An increase in air temperature will cause a significant reduction in the areas currently favorable to cowpea bean crop growth in northeastern Brazil, and it is recommended that bean varieties better suited to high-temperature conditions should be planted.

Suggested Citation

  • Silva, Vicente de P.R. & Campos, João H.B.C. & Silva, Madson T. & Azevedo, Pedro V., 2010. "Impact of global warming on cowpea bean cultivation in northeastern Brazil," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 97(11), pages 1760-1768, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:97:y:2010:i:11:p:1760-1768

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Quiroga, Sonia & Iglesias, Ana, 2009. "A comparison of the climate risks of cereal, citrus, grapevine and olive production in Spain," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 101(1-2), pages 91-100, June.
    2. Hansen, James W., 2002. "Realizing the potential benefits of climate prediction to agriculture: issues, approaches, challenges," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 74(3), pages 309-330, December.
    3. Harmsen, Eric W. & Miller, Norman L. & Schlegel, Nicole J. & Gonzalez, J.E., 2009. "Seasonal climate change impacts on evapotranspiration, precipitation deficit and crop yield in Puerto Rico," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 96(7), pages 1085-1095, July.
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