Pulses Production Systems in Term of Energy Use Efficiency and Economical Analysis in Iran
Energy analysis of agroecosystems seems to be a promising approach to assess environmental problems and their relations to sustainability. The aim of the present study was to compare bean, lentil, irrigated and dryland chickpea farms in terms of energy efficiency, energy productivity, benefit to cost ratio and the amount of renewable energy use. Data were collected from 18 bean, 27 lentil, 24 irrigated chickpea and 46 dryland chickpea growers, using a face-to-face questionnaire during 2010. The results revealed that the total energy requirement were for bean 23666.8 MJ ha-1, for lentil 14114.79 MJ ha-1, for irrigated chickpea 15756.21 MJ ha-1, and for dryland chickpea 2630.12 MJ ha-1. The average energy input consumed in studied crops including direct, indirect, renewable and non-renewable energies in bean, lentil, irrigated chickpea and dryland chickpea farms were 67%, 33%, 30% and 70%, respectively. Energy use efficiency was 1.81 for bean, 1.79 for lentil, 1.21 for irrigated chickpea and 2.78 for dryland chickpea. The benefit to cost ratios in bean, lentil, irrigated chickpea and dryland chickpea farms were 6.18, 6.15, 3.71 and 8.10, respectively. Based on the results of the present study, dryland chickpea was the most efficient in terms of energy. Between studied irrigated crops, bean was the most efficient both in terms of energy and economical benefit.
Volume (Year): 1 (2011)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.econjournals.com|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Refsgaard, Karen & Halberg, Niels & Kristensen, Erik Steen, 1998. "Energy utilization in crop and dairy production in organic and conventional livestock production systems," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 57(4), pages 599-630, August.
- Unakitan, G. & Hurma, H. & Yilmaz, F., 2010. "An analysis of energy use efficiency of canola production in Turkey," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 3623-3627.
- Ghorbani, Reza & Mondani, Farzad & Amirmoradi, Shahram & Feizi, Hassan & Khorramdel, Surror & Teimouri, Mozhgan & Sanjani, Sara & Anvarkhah, Sepideh & Aghel, Hassan, 2011. "A case study of energy use and economical analysis of irrigated and dryland wheat production systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(1), pages 283-288, January.
- Canakci, M. & Akinci, I., 2006. "Energy use pattern analyses of greenhouse vegetable production," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 31(8), pages 1243-1256.
- Erdal, Gülistan & Esengün, Kemal & Erdal, Hilmi & Gündüz, Orhan, 2007. "Energy use and economical analysis of sugar beet production in Tokat province of Turkey," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 35-41.
- Mori, Shunsuke & Kato, Masahiro & Ido, Takahumi, 2010. "GISELA - GIS-based evaluation of land use and agriculture market analysis under global warming," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 236-242, January.
- Yilmaz, Ibrahim & Akcaoz, Handan & Ozkan, Burhan, 2005. "An analysis of energy use and input costs for cotton production in Turkey," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 145-155.
- Taylor, A.E.B. & O'Callaghan, P.W. & Probert, S.D., 1993. "Energy audit of an English farm," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 44(4), pages 315-335.
- Pushpam Kumar & Uwe A. Schneider, 2008. "Greenhouse gas emission mitigation through agriculture," Working Papers FNU-155, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University, revised Feb 2008.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eco:journ2:2011-04-2. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ilhan Ozturk)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.