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The Relationship Between Trade Openness and Economic Growth: The Case of Ghana and Nigeria

Author

Listed:
  • Hlalefang Khobai

    (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa,)

  • Nwabisa Kolisi

    (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa,)

  • Clement Moyo

    (Nelson Mandela University, South Africa,)

Abstract

This study purposed to determine the long run relationship between trade openness and economic growth in Ghana and Nigeria covering the period between 1980 and 2016. It incorporated investment, exchange rates and inflation as the additional variables. To test for stationarity of the data, the augments Dickey-Fuller (ADF) (Dickey and Fuller, 1981), the Phillips and Perron (1988) and the DF-GLS test proposed by Elliot, Rothenberg and Stock (1996) were used. The Autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model was employed in this study to examine the long run relationship between the variables. The findings of the study suggested existence of a long run relationship among the variables for both countries. The results further showed that trade openness has a positive impact on economic growth and significant at the 1% level in Ghana while in Nigeria trade openness has a negative but insignificant effect on economic growth. These results imply that different policy measures should be put into place for each of these two countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Hlalefang Khobai & Nwabisa Kolisi & Clement Moyo, 2018. "The Relationship Between Trade Openness and Economic Growth: The Case of Ghana and Nigeria," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 8(1), pages 77-82.
  • Handle: RePEc:eco:journ1:2018-01-10
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Khobai, Hlalefang & Chitauro, Mishaelight, 2018. "The Impact of Trade Liberalisation on Economic Growth in Switzerland," MPRA Paper 89884, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Khobai, Hlalefang, 2018. "Investigating the linkage between Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: The case of Turkey," MPRA Paper 85082, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. repec:ris:ecoint:0834 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Hlalefang Khobai & Nomahlubi Mavikela, 2017. "The causal linkage between trade openness and economic growth in Argentina: Evidence from the ARDL and VECM techniques," Working Papers 1712, Department of Economics, Nelson Mandela University, revised Oct 2017.
    5. MOYO, Clement Zibusiso & KHOBAI, Hlalefang, 2018. "Trade Openness and Economic Growth in SADC Countries," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 71(4), pages 417-436.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade Openness; Economic growth; ARDL; Nigeria and Ghana;

    JEL classification:

    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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