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Countertrade Transactions: Theory and Evidence


  • Caves, Richard E
  • Marin, Dalia


Countertrade transactions may cover 20 percent of international trade yet are little researched. Testing several coherent models on 230 transactions (mainly East-West), the authors find (1) strong evidence that they effect price discrimination for Western exporters; (2) no support for a model resting on sticky disequilibrium prices; (3) limited support for a model of efficient revelation of unestablished qualities of countertraded goods; (4) evidence of bargaining power's effect on outcomes in the bargaining range; and (5) evidence that participants engage in repeated countertrade transactions that do not rest on transitory conditions. Copyright 1992 by Royal Economic Society.

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  • Caves, Richard E & Marin, Dalia, 1992. "Countertrade Transactions: Theory and Evidence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(414), pages 1171-1183, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:102:y:1992:i:414:p:1171-83

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bruce Kogut, 1986. "On Designing Contracts to Guarantee Enforceability: Theory and Evidence from East-West Trade," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 17(1), pages 47-61, March.
    2. Marin,Dalia & Schnitzer,Monika, 1993. "Tying trade flows: A theory of countertrade," Discussion Paper Serie A 396, University of Bonn, Germany.
    3. Caves, Richard E & Marin, Dalia, 1992. "Countertrade Transactions: Theory and Evidence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(414), pages 1171-1183, September.
    4. Marin, Dalia, 1990. "Tying in International Trade," Munich Reprints in Economics 3114, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    5. Marin, Dalia, 1991. "Monopoly, Tying and Reciprocity: An Application to International Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 609, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Klein, Benjamin & Crawford, Robert G & Alchian, Armen A, 1978. "Vertical Integration, Appropriable Rents, and the Competitive Contracting Process," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(2), pages 297-326, October.
    7. Amann, Erwin & Marin, Dalia, 1990. "Long Term Contracts in International Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 413, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Cited by:

    1. Caves, Richard E & Marin, Dalia, 1992. "Countertrade Transactions: Theory and Evidence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(414), pages 1171-1183, September.
    2. Dassiou Xeni & Choi Chong Ju & Maldoom Dan, 2004. "Trade and Linked Exchange; Price Discrimination Through Transaction Bundling," The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 4(1), pages 1-17, May.
    3. Ellingsen, Tore & Stole, Lars A., 1996. "Mandated countertrade as a strategic commitment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1-2), pages 67-84, February.
    4. Marshall, John F. & Wynne, Kevin J., 1996. "Synthetic barter: Simulating countertrade solutions with swaps," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 1-12.
    5. Sergei Guriev & Dmitry Kvassov, 2000. "Barter for price discrimination? A theory and evidence from Russia," Working Papers w0007, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR).
    6. Guriev, Sergei & Kvassov, Dmitri, 2004. "Barter for price discrimination," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 329-350, March.
    7. Ellingsen, Tore, 1998. "Payments in Kind," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 244, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 10 Feb 2000.
    8. Germán H. GONZALEZ & Alexis S. ESPOSTO & Valentina N. VIEGO, 2015. "Reciprocity in bilateral trade flows: An empirical analysis for trade between Australia and Latin American countries," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 15(1), pages 31-44.
    9. Dalia Marin & Monika Schnitzer, 2002. "The Economic Institution Of International Barter," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(479), pages 293-316, April.
    10. Amann, Erwin & Marin, Dalia, 1994. "Risk-Sharing in International Trade," Munich Reprints in Economics 3110, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    11. Vesa Kanniainen & Juha-Matti Lehtonen, 2017. "Offset Contracts as an Insurance Device in Building the National Security," CESifo Working Paper Series 6445, CESifo Group Munich.
    12. Sergei Guriev & Dmitry Kvassov, 2000. "Price Discrimination Through Barter: A Theory and Evidence from Russia," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 0397, Econometric Society.

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