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GDP per Capita among African Countries over the Period 1950–2008: Highlights of Convergence Clubs

Author

Listed:
  • Serge Rey

    () (CATT-UNIV PAU & PAYS ADOUR)

  • Florent Deisting

    () (ESC-Pau IRMAPE & CATT-UNIV PAU & PAYS ADOUR)

Abstract

Using intradistribution dynamics and panel unit root tests, this study considers the economic convergence processes of 53 African countries during the period 1950–2008. The stochastic evidence reveals no global convergence among African countries but provides indications of convergence clubs. The poorest countries remained relatively poor, stuck in a poverty trap, whereas countries with the best initial conditions converged. The analysis of structural characteristics reveals that the significant determinants of the constitution of convergence clubs among African countries are openness, foreign direct investment inflows, and the level of development. In a few cases, tests also highlight the production structure and access to the sea as determinants.

Suggested Citation

  • Serge Rey & Florent Deisting, 2012. "GDP per Capita among African Countries over the Period 1950–2008: Highlights of Convergence Clubs," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(4), pages 2779-2800.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-12-00525
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Convergence; Clubs; Distribution dynamics; Kernel stochastic; stochastic convergence; Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General

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