IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Les usages d’Internet : facteurs de compétitivité de la «PME réseau»?

Listed author(s):
  • Serge Amabile


    (Université Aix-Marseille 3)

  • Martine Gadille

    (Gredeg (UMR Cnrs) Valbonne)

(VF)Les technologies de l’Internet sont supposées supporter le processus de dé-intégration et de diversification des activités, contribuant au développement des PME comme facteur de compétitivité. Dans cette perspective, cet article propose d’identifier la part de PME, issues de différentes régions européennes, capables, grâce à leurs usages d’Internet, de réaliser des gains de compétitivité liés à la réduction des coûts, la différenciation des produits et services et l’extension des marchés. Les caractéristiques technologiques et organisationnelles de ces entreprises sont ensuite comparées avec celles de PME ne réalisant aucun de ces gains de compétitivité. Ce travail repose sur une enquête téléphonique originale réalisée en 2004. (VA) In this article, we argue that Internet associated technology contributes to SMEs’ development and competitiveness by sustaining de-integration and diversification processes. According to that perspective, we try to identify a first population of SMEs showing a capacity to achieve an improvement in competitiveness through Internet associated technology uses. These competitiveness gains are identified through a Porter framework based on the existence of three competitive strategies: cost cut-ting, product and services differentiation and market extension. The organizational and technological features are hence compared with a second population of SMEs that shows difficulties to utilize Internet associated technology in terms of competitive advantages. The results are based on a large phoning survey done in 2004.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by in its journal Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie.

Volume (Year): 9 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 35-57

in new window

Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:9:y:2006:i:q1:p:35-57
Contact details of provider: Web page:

Order Information: Email:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Michel Gollac & Nathalie Greenan & Sylvie Hamon-Cholet, 2000. "L'informatisation de l'« ancienne » économie : nouvelles machines, nouvelles organisations et nouveaux travailleurs," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 339(1), pages 171-201.
  2. Frédéric Le Roy & Olivier Torrès, 2001. "La place de l'innovation dans les stratégies concurrentielles des P.M.E. internationales," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 13(1), pages 43-60.
  3. Carlsson, Bo, 1984. "The development and use of machine tools in historical perspective," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 91-114, March.
  4. Erik Brynjolfsson & Thomas W. Malone & Vijay Gurbaxani & Ajit Kambil, 1994. "Does Information Technology Lead to Smaller Firms?," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 40(12), pages 1628-1644, December.
  5. Brynjolfsson, Erik. & Hitt, Lorin M., 1994. "Information technology as a factor of production : the role of differences among firms," Working papers 3715-94. CCSTR ; #173., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
  6. Kavassalis, Petros & Solomon, Richard Jay & Benghozi, Pierre-Jean, 1996. "The Internet: A Paradigmatic Rupture in Cumulative Telecom Evolution," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(4), pages 1097-1126.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:9:y:2006:i:q1:p:35-57. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gérard Charreaux)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.