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La responsabilité sociale de l’entreprise au-delà du fonctionnalisme : un cadre d’analyse pluraliste de l’interface entreprise - société


  • Jean-Pascal Gond

    () (HEC Montréal)


(VF)Cet article propose un cadre d’analyse renouvelé de la Responsabilité Sociale de l’Entreprise (RSE), afin de faciliter le développement de perspectives de recherches alternatives au paradigme fonctionnaliste. Ce modèle articule quatre perspectives alternatives sur l’interface entreprise / société auxquelles correspondent quatre approches de la RSE : la RSE comme fonction de régulation sociale, la RSE comme relation de pouvoir, la RSE comme produit culturel et enfin la RSE comme construction sociocognitive. L’article démontre l’intérêt de ce cadre d’analyse pluraliste pour dé-fonctionnaliser la littérature sur les relations entreprise / société, et faire émerger de nouvelles questions de recherche sur la RSE.(VA)This paper proposes a new framework for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) that aims at moving the Business and Society research field beyond the dominant functionalist paradigm. Burrell and Morgan’s (1979) grid of analysis is mobilized to develop an alternative framework for CSR. This framework distinguishes four perspectives on the corporation- society interface which give rise to four approaches to CSR: CSR as a social regulatory function, CSR as a power relationship, CSR as a cultural product and CSR as a sociocognitive construction. The article shows how the framework can be used to “de-functionalize” research on the corporation-society interface, account for the most recent conceptual developments in the CSR field, and construct a renewed research agenda for CSR.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Pascal Gond, 2011. "La responsabilité sociale de l’entreprise au-delà du fonctionnalisme : un cadre d’analyse pluraliste de l’interface entreprise - société," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie,, vol. 14(2), pages 37-66, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:14:y:2011:i:q2:p:37-66

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Preston, Lee E, 1975. "Corporation and Society: The Search for a Paradigm," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 13(2), pages 434-453, June.
    2. Sandra Charreire & Isabelle Huault, 2001. "Le constructivisme dans la pratique de recherche: une évaluation à partir de seize thèses de doctorat," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie,, vol. 4(3), pages 31-55, September.
    3. Ariane Berthoin Antal & André Sobczak, 2007. "Corporate social responsibility in France: A mix of national traditions and international influences," Post-Print hal-00765278, HAL.
    4. Andy Lockett & Jeremy Moon & Wayne Visser, 2006. "Corporate Social Responsibility in Management Research: Focus, Nature, Salience and Sources of Influence," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(1), pages 115-136, January.
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    More about this item


    responsabilité sociale de l’entreprise; construction théorique; fonctionnalisme; théorie critique; corporate social responsibility; theory-building; functionalism; critical theory.;

    JEL classification:

    • L21 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Business Objectives of the Firm
    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility


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