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The effect of education on second births in Hungary

Author

Listed:
  • Tamás Bartus

    (Corvinus University of Budapest)

  • Lívia Murinkó

    (Népességtudományi Kutatóintézet (Hungarian Demographic Research Institute))

  • Ivett Szalma

    (Corvinus University of Budapest)

  • Bernadett Szél

    (Corvinus University of Budapest)

Abstract

The effect of education on the transition to second births is examined using three waves of the Hungarian GGS data. We hypothesize that higher education increases the hazard of second conception and this effect is due to the presence of highly educated partner. Parity-specific survival models are estimated using women born between 1946 and 1983. Higher education decreases the time to second conception. The partner’s education reduces the waiting time to second conception. The results remain robust after controlling for sample selection. The findings support the partner effect hypothesis (Kreyenfeld 2002).

Suggested Citation

  • Tamás Bartus & Lívia Murinkó & Ivett Szalma & Bernadett Szél, 2013. "The effect of education on second births in Hungary," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 28(1), pages 1-32, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:28:y:2013:i:1
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    File URL: http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol28/1/28-1.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Martin Klesment & Allan Puur, 2010. "Effects of education on second births before and after societal transition: Evidence from the Estonian GGS," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 22(28), pages 891-932, May.
    2. Gary S. Becker, 1981. "A Treatise on the Family," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck81-1, January.
    3. Becker, Gary S & Lewis, H Gregg, 1973. "On the Interaction between the Quantity and Quality of Children," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(2), pages 279-288, Part II, .
    4. Hotz, V Joseph & Miller, Robert A, 1988. "An Empirical Analysis of Life Cycle Fertility and Female Labor Supply," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(1), pages 91-118, January.
    5. Larry E. Jones & Alice Schoonbroodt & Michèle Tertilt, 2010. "Fertility Theories: Can They Explain the Negative Fertility-Income Relationship?," NBER Chapters,in: Demography and the Economy, pages 43-100 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Sunnee Billingsley, 2011. "Economic crisis and recovery: Changes in second birth rates within occupational classes and educational groups," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 24(16), pages 375-406, March.
    7. Montgomery, Mark & Trussell, James, 1987. "Models of marital status and childbearing," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 3, pages 205-271 Elsevier.
    8. Newman, John L, 1983. "Economic Analyses of the Spacing of Births," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(2), pages 33-37, May.
    9. David Roodman, 2011. "Fitting fully observed recursive mixed-process models with cmp," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 11(2), pages 159-206, June.
    10. Cornelia Muresan & Jan M. Hoem, 2010. "The negative educational gradients in Romanian fertility," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 22(4), pages 95-114, January.
    11. Stephan Klasen & Andrey Launov, 2006. "Analysis of the determinants of fertility decline in the Czech Republic," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 19(1), pages 25-54, February.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    education; fertility; Hungary; partner effect; second births;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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