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An Empirical Analysis of Life Cycle Fertility and Female Labor Supply


  • V. Joseph Hotz
  • Robert A. Miller


This paper examines household fertility and female labor supply over the life cycle. The authors investigate ho w maternal time and market inputs, and benefits children yield their parents, vary with their ages and influence female labor supply and c ontraceptive behavior. Their econometric framework combines a female labor-supply model and a contraceptive choice index function and allo ws conceptions not to be perfectly controllable. Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, they estimate these equations and tes t alternative specifications. The findings suggest that parents canno t perfectly control conceptions and variations in child care costs af fect the spacing of births. Copyright 1988 by The Econometric Society.
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  • V. Joseph Hotz & Robert A. Miller, "undated". "An Empirical Analysis of Life Cycle Fertility and Female Labor Supply," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 86-15, Chicago - Population Research Center.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:chiprc:86-15 Note: Access to the full text of this publication is restricted

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    1. Barnes, Roberta & Gillingham, Robert, 1984. "Demographic Effects in Demand Analysis: Estimation of the Quadratic Expenditure System Using Microdata," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 66(4), pages 591-601, November.
    2. Paul A. Samuelson, 1956. "Social Indifference Curves," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(1), pages 1-22.
    3. Deaton, Angus S & Muellbauer, John, 1986. "On Measuring Child Costs: With Applications to Poor Countries," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(4), pages 720-744, August.
    4. Deaton,Angus & Muellbauer,John, 1980. "Economics and Consumer Behavior," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521296762, March.
    5. van der Gaag, Jacques & Smolensky, Eugene, 1982. "True Household Equivalence Scales and Characteristics of the Poor in the United States," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 28(1), pages 17-28, March.
    6. Gronau, Reuben, 1988. "Consumption Technology and the Intrafamily Distribution of Resources:," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(6), pages 1183-1205, December.
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