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Cohort fertility patterns in the Nordic countries

Author

Listed:
  • Gunnar Andersson

    (Stockholms Universitet)

  • Marit Rønsen

    (Statistisk sentralbyrå (Statistics Norway))

  • Lisbeth B. Knudsen

    (Aalborg University)

  • Trude Lappegård

    (Universitetet i Oslo)

  • Gerda Neyer

    (Stockholms Universitet)

  • Kari Skrede

    (Statistisk sentralbyrå (Statistics Norway))

  • Kathrin Teschner

    (Max-Planck-Institut für Demografische Forschung)

  • Andres Vikat

    (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE))

Abstract

Previous analyses of period fertility suggest that the trends of the Nordic countries are sufficiently similar that we may speak of a common "Nordic fertility regime". We investigate whether this assumption can be corroborated by comparing cohort fertility patterns in the Nordic countries. We study cumulated and completed fertility of Nordic birth cohorts based on the childbearing histories of women born in 1935 and later derived from the population registers of Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. We further explore childbearing behaviour by women’s educational attainment. The results show remarkable similarities in postponement and recuperation between the countries. Median childbearing age is about two to three years higher in the 1960−64 cohort than in the 1950−54 cohort, but the younger cohort recuperates the fertility level of the older cohort at ages 30 and above. A similar pattern of recuperation can be observed for highly educated women compared to women with less education, resulting in small differences in completed fertility across educational groups. Another interesting finding is that of a positive relationship between educational level and the final number of children when women who become mothers at similar ages are compared. Despite some differences in the levels of childlessness, country differences in fertility outcome are generally small. The cohort analyses thus support the notion of a common Nordic fertility regime.

Suggested Citation

  • Gunnar Andersson & Marit Rønsen & Lisbeth B. Knudsen & Trude Lappegård & Gerda Neyer & Kari Skrede & Kathrin Teschner & Andres Vikat, 2009. "Cohort fertility patterns in the Nordic countries," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 20(14), pages 313-352, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:20:y:2009:i:14
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    File URL: https://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol20/14/20-14.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:dem:demres:v:38:y:2018:i:56 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Marit Rønsen & Kari Skrede, 2010. "Can public policies sustain fertility in the Nordic countries?," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 22(13), pages 321-346, March.
    3. Martin Klesment & Allan Puur & Leen Rahnu & Luule Sakkeus, 2014. "Varying association between education and second births in Europe," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 31(27), pages 813-860, October.
    4. repec:dem:demres:v:37:y:2017:i:50 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Hippolyte D'Albis & Angela Greulich & Grégory Ponthière, 2015. "AVOIR UN ENFANT PLUS TARD Enjeux sociodémographiques du report des naissances," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01298929, HAL.
    6. repec:dem:demres:v:38:y:2018:i:25 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Marika Jalovaara & Anette Fasang, 2015. "Are there gender differences in family trajectories by education in Finland?," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 33(44), pages 1241-1256, December.
    8. Ann Berrington & Juliet Stone & Éva Beaujouan, 2015. "Educational differences in timing and quantum of childbearing in Britain," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 33(26), pages 733-764, October.
    9. repec:dem:demres:v:37:y:2017:i:7 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Johan Dahlberg, 2015. "Social Background and Becoming a Parent in Sweden: A Register-Based Study of the Effect of Social Background on Childbearing in Sweden," European Journal of Population, Springer;European Association for Population Studies, vol. 31(4), pages 417-444, October.
    11. Thomas Anderson & Hans-Peter Kohler, 2015. "Low Fertility, Socioeconomic Development, and Gender Equity," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 41(3), pages 381-407, September.
    12. Solveig Glestad Christiansen, 2014. "Household and family development in the Nordic Countries: An overview," Nordic Journal of Political Economy, Nordic Journal of Political Economy, vol. 39, pages 1-2.
    13. repec:zbw:espost:167710 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Elizabeth Thomson & Helen Eriksson, 2013. "Register-based estimates of parents' coresidence in Sweden, 1969-2007," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 29(42), pages 1153-1186, December.
    15. Martin Klesment & Allan Puur, 2010. "Effects of education on second births before and after societal transition: Evidence from the Estonian GGS," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 22(28), pages 891-932, May.
    16. Marcantonio Caltabiano & Maria Castiglioni & Alessandro Rosina, 2009. "Lowest-Low Fertility: Signs of a recovery in Italy?," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 21(23), pages 681-718, November.
    17. Mikko Myrskylä & Joshua R. Goldstein & Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2012. "New cohort fertility forecasts for the developed world," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2012-014, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    18. repec:dem:demres:v:36:y:2017:i:55 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Zuzanna Brzozowska, 2015. "Intergenerational educational mobility and completed fertility," IBS Working Papers 1/2015, Instytut Badan Strukturalnych.
    20. repec:kap:poprpr:v:36:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11113-017-9437-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. repec:hal:journl:hal-01298929 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cohort fertility; educational attainment; Nordic countries; postponement; recuperation;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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