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Fertility differences by housing type: an effect of housing conditions or of selective moves?

Author

Listed:
  • Hill Kulu

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Andres Vikat

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

Abstract

This study examines fertility variation across housing types and childbearing patterns after housing changes. While the effect of family changes on housing choices has been studied in detail, little is known about childbearing patterns within various housing types, despite the fact that many studies suggest housing as an important determinant of fertility. We use longitudinal register data from Finland and apply hazard regression. Firstly, we observe a significant variation in the fertility levels across housing types – fertility is highest among couples in single-family houses and lowest among those in apartments, with the variation remaining significant even after controlling for the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of women. Secondly, our results show elevated fertility levels after couples have changed their housing, suggesting that much of the fertility variation across housing types could be attributed to selective moves. Thirdly, the study also reveals relatively a high risk of third birth for couples in single-family houses several years after the move, suggesting that living in spacious housing and in a family-friendly environment for a longer time may lead to higher fertility.

Suggested Citation

  • Hill Kulu & Andres Vikat, 2007. "Fertility differences by housing type: an effect of housing conditions or of selective moves?," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2007-014, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2007-014
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    File URL: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2007-014.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. M C Deurloo & W A V Clark & F M Dieleman, 1994. "The Move to Housing Ownership in Temporal and Regional Contexts," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 26(11), pages 1659-1670, November.
    2. S Davies Withers, 1998. "Linking household transitions and housing transitions: a longitudinal analysis of renters," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 30(4), pages 615-630, April.
    3. William A V Clark & Youqin Huang, 2003. "The life course and residential mobility in British housing markets," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 35(2), pages 323-339, February.
    4. S Davies Withers, 1998. "Linking Household Transitions and Housing Transitions: A Longitudinal Analysis of Renters," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 30(4), pages 615-630, April.
    5. M C Deurloo & W A V Clark & F M Dieleman, 1994. "The move to housing ownership in temporal and regional contexts," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 26(11), pages 1659-1670, November.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lesia Nedoluzhko & Gunnar Andersson, 2007. "Migration and first-time parenthood," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 17(25), pages 741-774, December.
    2. Anna Matysiak, 2011. "Posiadanie w³asnego mieszkania a rodzicielstwo w Polsce," Working Papers 46, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    3. Kuang-Ta Lo, 2012. "The Crowding-out Effect of Homeownership on Fertility," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 108-117, March.
    4. Hill Kulu & Paul J. Boyle & Gunnar Andersson, 2008. "High suburban fertility: evidence from four Northern European countries," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2008-021, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    5. Eleonora Mussino & Alyson A. van Raalte, 2008. "Fertility of migrants: a comparative study between Italy and Russia," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2008-026, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    6. William A.V. Clark, 2012. "Do women delay family formation in expensive housing markets?," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 27(1), pages 1-24, July.
    7. Lesia Nedoluzhko & Victor Agadjanian, 2009. "Marriage, childbearing, and migration in Kyrgyzstan: exploring interdependencies," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2009-003, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    8. Jan M. Hoem, 2013. "The dangers of conditioning on the time of occurrence of one demographic process in the analysis of another," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2013-006, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    9. Hill Kulu & Nadja Milewski, 2007. "Family change and migration in the life course," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 17(19), pages 567-590, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Finland; event history analysis; fertility; housing; migration; residential mobility;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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