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U.S. Import Demand and Supply Response for Fresh Tomatoes, Cantaloupes, Onions, Oranges, and Spinach


  • Seale, James L.
  • Zhang, Lisha
  • Traboulsi, Mohamad R.


Elasticities of import demand and supply often drive economic models, but few empirical estimates of these elasticities exist for vegetables and fruits. For those that do exist, most are outdated. Because elasticities change over time as income, prices, and market conditions change, outdated elasticity estimates may not be representative of changes in import quantities demanded or in acreages, yield, and quantities supplied. Moreover, import demand elasticities by country of origin for most vegetables and fruits are nonexistent. This article presents research that updates elasticity estimates for each of the selected product categories and includes production and trade implications.
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Suggested Citation

  • Seale, James L. & Zhang, Lisha & Traboulsi, Mohamad R., 2013. "U.S. Import Demand and Supply Response for Fresh Tomatoes, Cantaloupes, Onions, Oranges, and Spinach," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 45(03), pages 435-452, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jagaec:v:45:y:2013:i:03:p:435-452_00

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kaninda Tshikala, Sam & Fonsah, Esendugue Greg, 2012. "Analysis of U.S. Demand for Imported Melons using a Dynamic Almost Ideal Demand System," 2012 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2012, Birmingham, Alabama 119779, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    2. VanSickle, John J. & Evans, Edward A. & Emerson, Robert D., 2003. "U.S.-Canadian Tomato Wars: An Economist Tries to Make Sense Out of Recent Antidumping Suits," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 35(2), pages 1-14, August.
    3. Nzaku, Kilungu & Houston, Jack E. & Fonsah, Esendugue Greg, 2011. "U.S. Demand for Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Imports," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 42(1), pages 1-5, March.
    4. Seale, James L., Jr. & Lee, Jonq-Ying & Schmitz, Andrew & Schmitz, Troy G., 2005. "Import Demand for Fresh Fruit in Japan and Uniform Substitution for Products from Different Sources," Monographs, University of Florida, International Agricultural Trade and Policy Center, number 15700.
    5. Mahar Mangahas & Aida E. Recto & V. W. Ruttan, 1966. "Price and Market Relationships for Rice and Corn in the Philippines," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 48(3_Part_I), pages 685-703.
    6. Nzaku, Kilungu & Houston, Jack E., 2009. "Analysis of U.S. Demand for Fresh Tropical Fruit and Vegetable Imports," 2009 Annual Meeting, January 31-February 3, 2009, Atlanta, Georgia 46850, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    7. Russo, Carlo & Green, Richard D. & Howitt, Richard E., 2008. "Estimation Of Supply And Demand Elasticities Of California Commodities," Working Papers 37629, University of California, Davis, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Assem Abu Hatab, 2016. "Demand relationships in orange exports to Russia: a differential demand system approach focusing on Egypt," Agricultural and Food Economics, Springer;Italian Society of Agricultural Economics (SIDEA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-16, December.
    2. Kadjo, Abena Lucie & Seale, James L. Jr., 2014. "U.S. Imports Demand for Cocoa Products by Country of Origin," 2014 Annual Meeting, February 1-4, 2014, Dallas, Texas 162464, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    3. Valdez-Lafarga, Octavio & Schmitz, Troy, 2016. "A Country-Differentiated Import Demand Model for Fresh Tomatoes in the United States: an Estimation of Price and Income Elasticities for 1991 through 2014," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, Boston, Massachusetts 235807, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    4. repec:oup:apecpp:v:40:y:2018:i:3:p:402-420. is not listed on IDEAS

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    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade


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