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Regression Asymptotics Using Martingale Convergence Methods

  • Ibragimov, Rustam
  • Phillips, Peter C.B.

Weak convergence of partial sums and multilinear forms in independent random variables and linear processes and their nonlinear analogues to stochastic integrals now plays a major role in nonstationary time series and has been central to the development of unit root econometrics. The present paper develops a new and conceptually simple method for obtaining such forms of convergence. The method relies on the fact that the econometric quantities of interest involve discrete time martingales or semimartingales and shows how in the limit these quantities become continuous martingales and semimartingales. The limit theory itself uses very general convergence results for semimartingales that were obtained in the work of Jacod and Shiryaev (2003, Limit Theorems for Stochastic Processes ). The theory that is developed here is applicable in a wide range of econometric models, and many examples are given. %One notable outcome of the new approach is that it provides a unified treatment of the asymptotics for stationary, explosive, unit root, and local to unity autoregression, and also some general nonlinear time series regressions. All of these cases are subsumed within the martingale convergence approach, and different rates of convergence are accommodated in a natural way. Moreover, the results on multivariate extensions developed in the paper deliver a unification of the asymptotics for, among many others, models with cointegration and also for regressions with regressors that are nonlinear transforms of integrated time series driven by shocks correlated with the equation errors. Because this is the first time the methods have been used in econometrics, the exposition is presented in some detail with illustrations of new derivations of some well-known existing results, in addition to the provision of new results and the unification of the limit theory for autoregression.

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Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal Econometric Theory.

Volume (Year): 24 (2008)
Issue (Month): 04 (August)
Pages: 888-947

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Handle: RePEc:cup:etheor:v:24:y:2008:i:04:p:888-947_08
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  1. L Giraitis & P C B Phillips, . "Uniform limit theory for stationary autoregression," Discussion Papers 05/23, Department of Economics, University of York.
  2. Nze, Patrick Ango & Doukhan, Paul, 2004. "Weak Dependence: Models And Applications To Econometrics," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(06), pages 995-1045, December.
  3. Phillips, Peter C.B. & Magdalinos, Tassos, 2007. "Limit theory for moderate deviations from a unit root," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 136(1), pages 115-130, January.
  4. Peter C.B. Phillips & Victor Solo, 1989. "Asymptotics for Linear Processes," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 932, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  5. Phillips, Peter C.B., 2007. "Unit root log periodogram regression," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 138(1), pages 104-124, May.
  6. Peter C.B. Phillips & Pierre Perron, 1986. "Testing for a Unit Root in Time Series Regression," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 795R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Sep 1987.
  7. Park, Joon Y & Phillips, Peter C B, 2001. "Nonlinear Regressions with Integrated Time Series," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(1), pages 117-61, January.
  8. Ibragimov, Rustam & Phillips, Peter C.B., 2008. "Regression asymptotics using martingale convergence methods," Scholarly Articles 2624459, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  9. Peter C.B. Phillips & Joon Y. Park, 1998. "Asymptotics for Nonlinear Transformations of Integrated Time Series," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1182, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  10. Peter C.B. Phillips, 1985. "Time Series Regression with a Unit Root," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 740R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Feb 1986.
  11. Saikkonen, Pentti & Choi, In, 2004. "Cointegrating Smooth Transition Regressions," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(02), pages 301-340, April.
  12. P tscher, Benedikt M., 2004. "Nonlinear Functions And Convergence To Brownian Motion: Beyond The Continuous Mapping Theorem," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(01), pages 1-22, February.
  13. In Choi & Pentti Saikkonen, 2004. "Testing linearity in cointegrating smooth transition regressions," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 7(2), pages 341-365, December.
  14. Phillips, Peter C B & Ploberger, Werner, 1996. "An Asymptotic Theory of Bayesian Inference for Time Series," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(2), pages 381-412, March.
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