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Diferenciación oligopólica del café verde colombiano en el mercado estadounidense


  • Andrés Julián Rendón Cardona



La literatura de la nueva organización industrial empírica (NEIO, por sus siglas en inglés) señala que la competencia internacional imperfecta entre productos básicos puede ser caracterizada por precios, cantidades, y por diferenciación del producto. Este trabajo muestra que la efectividad de la estrategia de diferenciación del café verde colombiano en el mercado estadounidense ha implicado que Colombia tenga una competencia en cantidades con su principal competidor, Brasil. Para esto se presenta un conjunto de modelos que permiten identificar la estructura de la competencia que han seguido Brasil y Colombia en el mercado estadounidense de importaciones de café verde. Los modelos son evaluados usando una prueba de razón de verosimilitud para determinar cuál de ellos interpreta mejor los datos. El modelo que mejor lo hace es el de Stackelberg, con liderazgo en cantidades de Brasil. ***** New Empirical Industrial Organization (NEIO) literature notes that imperfect foreign competition among commodities may be characterized by prices, quantities and product differentiation. This paper shows that the effectiveness of the differentiation strategy of Colombian green bean coffee in the US market has caused Colombia to compete in terms of quantities with its major opponent, Brazil. In order to show it, this paper brings a set of models which allow us to identify the competitive structure followed by Brazil and Colombia in the United States market of green bean coffee imports. These models are evaluated through a likelihood ratio test to determine which of them best explains the data. Stackelberg is the best model showing Brazil's leadership in terms of quantities.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Julián Rendón Cardona, 2013. "Diferenciación oligopólica del café verde colombiano en el mercado estadounidense," Revista Ecos de Economía, Universidad EAFIT, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000442:011612

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gianni De Fraja & Alessandra Staderini, 1996. "An Empirical Analysis of Competition in Brand Differentiated Oligopoly," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(1), pages 57-67.
    2. Carter, Colin A & MacLaren, Donald, 1997. "Price or Quantity Competition? Oligopolistic Structures in International Commodity Markets," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(3), pages 373-385, August.
    3. Daniele Giovannucci & José Leibovich & Diego Pizano & Banco Mundial, 2002. "Colombia Coffee Sector Study," Documentos CEDE 002135, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    4. Bresnahan, Timothy F., 1989. "Empirical studies of industries with market power," Handbook of Industrial Organization, in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.),Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 17, pages 1011-1057, Elsevier.
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    More about this item


    Comercio internacional; oligopolio y mercados imperfectos;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets


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