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Reestructuración sectorial en el Putumayo: una dinámica de “tres velocidades”

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  • Enrique Javier Burbano Valencia

Abstract

Resumen Entre 2000 y 2011 el departamento colombiano del Putumayo vivió una rápida restructuración sectorial incentivada por el aumento en la producción de hidrocarburos y paralela a una contracción notable del sector agropecuario. Este patrón de "triple velocidad" de la economía -similar al que nacionalmente impulsó el "boom petrolero" - generó una mayor dependencia económica de los recursos naturales y reprodujo allí el modelo tradicional de "estado extractivo". El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar este fenómeno y determinar cómo lo afectaron algunos factores exógenos como los cambios en las reglas del negocio petrolero -después de 2004- y la seguridad interna. Para esto, se calcularon índices de localización, especialización y concentración sectorial y luego con ellos se estimaron dinámicas departamentales de convergencia absoluta, condicional y por clubes, tratando de observar la posición del Putumayo frente a otras regiones. El resultado principal muestra que el Putumayo continúa presentando un patrón de "estado extractivo".

Suggested Citation

  • Enrique Javier Burbano Valencia, 2015. "Reestructuración sectorial en el Putumayo: una dinámica de “tres velocidades”," Revista Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, vol. 0(1), pages 115-139, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000180:014118
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Hidrocarburos; Índices de concentración; Índices de localización; Índices de especialización; Convergencia.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • P23 - Political Economy and Comparative Economic Systems - - Socialist and Transition Economies - - - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population

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