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Implicaciones geopolíticas y económicas del Brexit en la Unión Europea


  • Maricel Linares Giraldo
  • William Rodrigo Avendaño Castro
  • Johanna Milena Mogrovejo Andrade


El objetivo de este artículo de investigación es analizar las implicaciones económicas y geopolíticas del Brexit para la Unión Europea y Gran Bretana. Corresponde a una investigación cualitativa con alcance descriptivo, enmarcada en el paradigma interpretativo. Se consultaron fuentes documentales para el logro de los objetivos, y la información recolectada fue sometida a un proceso de codificación y categorización a través del software Atlas Ti. Los resultados del análisis permiten exponer los hallazgos en dos apartados: 1) las causas y el proceso del Brexit, haciendo especial alusión a las razones políticas y a los resultados del voto del 2016; 2) los impactos del Brexit de acuerdo con el análisis de la literatura, los cuales se codifican y categorizan para una mejor comprensión del fenómeno. Aunque existe una importante literatura sobre los múltiples y variados efectos del Brexit, solo en los próximos anos se podrán reconocer las implicaciones de este fenómeno para los grupos de interés.

Suggested Citation

  • Maricel Linares Giraldo & William Rodrigo Avendaño Castro & Johanna Milena Mogrovejo Andrade, 2020. "Implicaciones geopolíticas y económicas del Brexit en la Unión Europea," Apuntes del Cenes, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, vol. 36(70), pages 14-41, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000152:019991

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ansgar Belke & Irina Dubova & Thomas Osowski, 2018. "Policy uncertainty and international financial markets: the case of Brexit," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(34-35), pages 3752-3770, July.
    2. Benjamin Born & Gernot J. Müller & Moritz Schularick & Petr Sedlacek, 2017. "The Economic Consequences of the Brexit Vote," Discussion Papers 1738, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM).
    3. Steinberg, Joseph B., 2019. "Brexit and the macroeconomic impact of trade policy uncertainty," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(C), pages 175-195.
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    More about this item


    Brexit; Gran Bretaña; Unión Europea; integración económica; política comercial; comercio internacional.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions
    • F53 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations


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