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Mecanismos utilizados para monitorear el poder de mercado en mercados eléctricos: reflexiones para Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Jesús Alonso Botero

    ()

  • John Jairo García

    ()

  • Luis Guillermo Vélez

    ()

Abstract

El propósito de este trabajo es analizar la viabilidad de la utilización del índice de oferta residual (IOR) en el mercado eléctrico mayorista en Colombia, con el fin de promover la competencia. Esto se hace a partir de la revisión de la literatura relacionada con las experiencias internacionales respecto a los mecanismos para monitorear el poder de mercado y del análisis del Documento 118 de la Comisión de Regulación de Energía y Gas (CREG, 2010). La principal conclusión es que el IOR no es un buen mecanismo de control en mercados hidráulicos, mientras que el desarrollo de los mercados de largo plazo ha sido utilizado con gran éxito para mitigar el riesgo de abuso de poder de mercado, según lo muestra la experiencia internacional. ***** This paper investigates the viability of using the Residual Supply Index (RSI) to promote market competition in the Colombian electrical pool. The evaluation is based on a literature review of international experiences of power market monitoring mechanisms and an analysis of CREG Document No. 118 produced by the Colombian Commission for the Regulation of Energy and Gas (CREG). The principal conclusions of the review are that the RSI is not a good control mechanism in hydric markets, and that international evidence shows that the development of long-run markets has been used very successfully to mitigate the risk of market power abuse. ***** Le propos de cette étude est d’analyser la viabilité de l’utilisation de l’indice d’offre résiduelle [IOR] sur le marché de gros de l’électricité en Colombie afin de determiner le degré de concurrence et d’en favoriser son expansion. L’étude part d’une révision de la littérature concernant les expériences internationales de mécanismes de surveillance de la force de marché et sur une analyse du Document 118 de la Commission de régulation de l’électricité et du gaz [CREG, 2010]. La principale conclusion est que l’IOR n’est pas un bon mécanisme de contrôle des marchés hydrauliques, alors que le développement des marchés a long terme a été utilisé avec succès pour atténuer les risques d’abus de pouvoir de marché, comme le montrent diverses expériences internationales.

Suggested Citation

  • Jesús Alonso Botero & John Jairo García & Luis Guillermo Vélez, 2013. "Mecanismos utilizados para monitorear el poder de mercado en mercados eléctricos: reflexiones para Colombia," Revista Cuadernos de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia -FCE - CID, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:011066
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. de Frutos, Maria-Angeles & Fabra, Natalia, 2008. "On the Impact of Forward Contract Obligations in Multi-Unit Auctions," CEPR Discussion Papers 6756, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Amundsen, Eirik S. & Bergman, Lars, 2006. "Why has the Nordic electricity market worked so well?," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 148-157, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. John J. García Rendón & Alex F. Pérez-Libreros, 2019. "El precio spot de la electricidad y la inclusión de energía renovable no convencional: evidencia para Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 017393, Universidad EAFIT.
    2. Juan Pablo Botero Duque & John J. García & Hermilson Velásquez, 2016. "Efectos del cargo por confiabilidad sobre el precio spot de la energía eléctrica en Colombia," Revista Cuadernos de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia -FCE - CID, vol. 35(68), pages 491-519, January.
    3. Ona Duarte Venslauskas & John J. García Rendón, 2015. "Estimación del precio marginal del sistema eléctrico colombiano: una mirada desde la organización industrial," Revista Ecos de Economía, Universidad EAFIT, vol. 19(41), pages 1-23, December.
    4. John J. García & Jesús López-Rodríguez & Jhonny Moncada-Mesa, 2017. "Spatial effects in the bid price setting strategies of the wholesale electricity markets: The case of Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 015660, Universidad EAFIT.
    5. John J. García & Santiago Arango Tamayo & Andrés F. Ortiz Rico, 2015. "Impacto de la regulación en la eficiencia asignativa del mercado spot eléctrico colombiano," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 013313, Universidad EAFIT.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    poder de mercado; experiencias internacionales; diseño de mercado; Documento 118 CREG; Colombia.;

    JEL classification:

    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L81 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Retail and Wholesale Trade; e-Commerce
    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities

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