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Efectos del cargo por confiabilidad sobre el precio spot de la energía eléctrica en Colombia

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  • Juan Pablo Botero Duque

    ()

  • John J. García

    ()

  • Hermilson Velásquez

    ()

Abstract

Este artículo considera el efecto del cargo por confiabilidad sobre el precio spot de la energía eléctrica en Colombia, implementado en 2006 con el fin de incentivar a los generadores existentes o a los nuevos inversionistas para mejorar la confiabilidad de la prestación del servicio, lo que conduce a incrementar la capacidad instalada en el mercado de energía mayorista. Se describe el funcionamiento de este mecanismo en Colombia y se analiza el comportamiento de algunas variables estructurales en el funcionamiento de este mercado, como la relación entre la demanda comercial y la disponibilidad real, el fenómeno de El Niño y La Niña, el nivel de embalse y algunas medidas de carácter regulatorio. El precio spot presenta alta volatilidad haciendo que la especificación adecuada corresponda a un modelo de regresión con estructura ARCH. Los resultados obtenidos evidencian que el cargo por confiabilidad es estadísticamente significativo y positivo, es decir, hace que el precio spot aumente. Además, El Niño presenta un impacto positivo sobre el precio spot, debido a la gran participación hidráulica de este mercado. ***** This paper considers the effect of electricity generation reliability on the spot price of the electricity market in Colombia, a mechanism implemented in 2006 to encourage existing generators or new investors to increase the installed capacity in the wholesale energy market. We describe the performance of this mechanism in Colombia and analyse the behaviour of some structural variables in the operation of this market, such as the ratio between the market demand and the actual availability, El Niño and La Niña, the reservoir level, and some regulation measures. The spot price presents high volatility implying that the proper specification corresponds to a regression model with ARCH structure (Engle, 1982). Results show that the reliability charge is positive and statistically significant. Also, El Niño has a positive impact on the spot price, due to the large hydraulic share of this market.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Pablo Botero Duque & John J. García & Hermilson Velásquez, 2016. "Efectos del cargo por confiabilidad sobre el precio spot de la energía eléctrica en Colombia," Revista Cuadernos de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia -FCE - CID, vol. 35(68), pages 491-519, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:014176
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Borenstein, Severin & Bushnell, James & Wolak, Frank, 2002. "Measuring Market Inefficiencies in California's Deregulated Electricity Industry," Staff General Research Papers Archive 13136, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    2. Bollerslev, Tim, 1986. "Generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 307-327, April.
    3. Batlle, Carlos & Pérez-Arriaga, Ignacio J., 2008. "Design criteria for implementing a capacity mechanism in deregulated electricity markets," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 184-193, September.
    4. Severin Borenstein & James B. Bushnell & Frank A. Wolak, 2002. "Measuring Market Inefficiencies in California's Restructured Wholesale Electricity Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(5), pages 1376-1405, December.
    5. Jesús Alonso Botero & John Jairo García & Luis Guillermo Vélez, 2013. "Mecanismos utilizados para monitorear el poder de mercado en mercados eléctricos: reflexiones para Colombia," Revista Cuadernos de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia -FCE - CID, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. John J. García & Santiago Arango Tamayo & Andrés F. Ortiz Rico, 2015. "Impacto de la regulación en la eficiencia asignativa del mercado spot eléctrico colombiano," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 013313, Universidad EAFIT.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cargo por confiabilidad; mercado de energía mayorista; preciospot; ARCH; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • D47 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Market Design
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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