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Electricity Retailing in Norway

  • Nils-Henrik M. Von Der Fehr
  • Petter Vegard Hansen

We analyse retailer and household behaviour on the Norwegian electricity market, based on detailed information on prices and other market characteristics. We find that there exists a competitive market segment where a number of retailers compete fiercely for customers, with small margins on all products. However, we also find evidence of monopolistic behaviour, whereby retailers exploit the passivity of some of their customers. We discuss explanations for these results, as well as means to improve market performance.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1814/10621
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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1814/10621
File Function: Full text
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Paper provided by European University Institute (EUI), Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies (RSCAS) in its series EUI-RSCAS Working Papers with number 4.

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Date of creation: 15 Feb 2009
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Handle: RePEc:erp:euirsc:p0206
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  1. Joskow, P.L., 2003. "The Difficult Transition to Competitive Electricity Markets in the U.S," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0328, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  2. Chris M. Wilson & Catherine Waddams Price, 2005. "Irrationality in Consumers’ Switching Decisions: When More Firms May Mean Less Benefit," Industrial Organization 0509010, EconWPA.
  3. Amundsen, Eirik S. & Bergman, Lars, 2007. "Integration of multiple national markets for electricity: The case of Norway and Sweden," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 3383-3394, June.
  4. Johnsen, Tor Arnt, 2003. "Residential Customers and Competitive Electricity Markets: The Case of Norway," The Electricity Journal, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 74-79.
  5. Evens Salies and Catherine Waddams Price, 2004. "Charges, Costs and Market Power: the Deregulated UK Electricity Retail Market," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3), pages 19-36.
  6. Paul Joskow & Jean Tirole, 2004. "Retail Electricity Competition," Working Papers 0409, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research.
  7. Salop, Steven & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Bargains and Ripoffs: A Model of Monopolistically Competitive Price Dispersion," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(3), pages 493-510, October.
  8. Littlechild, Stephen, 2006. "Residential energy contracts and the 28 day rule," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 44-62, March.
  9. von der Fehr, N-H.M. & Amundsen , E.S. & Bergman, L., 2005. "The Nordic Market: Signs of Stress?," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0525, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  10. Littlechild, Stephen, 2006. "Competition and contracts in the Nordic residential electricity markets," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 135-147, September.
  11. Eirik S. Amundsen & Lars Bergman, 2003. "The Deregulated Electricity Markets in Norway and Sweden: A Tentative Assessment," Chapters, in: Competition in European Electricity Markets, chapter 5 Edward Elgar.
  12. repec:rje:randje:v:37:y:2006:i:4:p:799-815 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Waterson, Michael, 2001. "The role of consumers in competition and competition policy," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 607, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  14. Torstein Bye & Einar Hope, 2005. "Deregulation of electricity markets—The Norwegian experience," Discussion Papers 433, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  15. Amundsen, Eirik S. & Bergman, Lars, 2006. "Why has the Nordic electricity market worked so well?," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 148-157, September.
  16. Evens SALIES & Catherine WADDAMS, 2004. "Charges, costs and market power in the deregulated UK electricity retail market," Industrial Organization 0406003, EconWPA.
  17. Stephen C. Littlechild, 2002. "Competition in Retail Electricity Supply," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0227, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  18. Kwiatkowski, Denis & Phillips, Peter C. B. & Schmidt, Peter & Shin, Yongcheol, 1992. "Testing the null hypothesis of stationarity against the alternative of a unit root : How sure are we that economic time series have a unit root?," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1-3), pages 159-178.
  19. Littlechild, Stephen C, 2003. "Wholesale Spot Price Pass-Through," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 23(1), pages 61-91, January.
  20. Flaim, Theresa, 2000. "The Big Retail "Bust": What Will It Take to Get True Competition?," The Electricity Journal, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 41-54, March.
  21. Richard Green & Tanga McDaniel, 1998. "Competition in electricity supply: will ‘1998’ Be worth it?," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 19(3), pages 273-293, August.
  22. Olsen, Ole Jess & Johnsen, Tor Arnt & Lewis, Philip, 2006. "A Mixed Nordic Experience: Implementing Competitive Retail Electricity Markets for Household Customers," The Electricity Journal, Elsevier, vol. 19(9), pages 37-44, November.
  23. Klemperer, Paul, 1995. "Competition When Consumers Have Switching Costs: An Overview with Applications to Industrial Organization, Macroeconomics, and International Trade," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 62(4), pages 515-39, October.
  24. Ingo Vogelsang, 2004. "Book Reviews - Competition in European Electricity Markets: A Cross-Country Comparison," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3).
  25. Monica Giulietti & Jesus Otero & Michael Waterson, 2010. "Pricing behaviour under competition in the UK electricity supply industry," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 62(3), pages 478-503, July.
  26. Atle Midttun & Joar Handeland & Terje Omland, 2003. "The Nordic Public Ownership Model Under Transition to Market Economy: The Case of Electricity," Chapters, in: Competition in European Electricity Markets, chapter 6 Edward Elgar.
  27. Monica Giulietti & Catherine Waddams Price & Michael Waterson, 2005. "Consumer Choice and Competition Policy: a Study of UK Energy Markets," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 115(506), pages 949-968, October.
  28. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7189 is not listed on IDEAS
  29. Ole Jess Olsen & Klaus Skytte, 2003. "Competition and Market Power in Northern Europe," Chapters, in: Competition in European Electricity Markets, chapter 7 Edward Elgar.
  30. Littlechild, S.C., 2000. "Why We Need Electricity Retailers: A Reply to Joskow on Wholesale Spot Price pass-through," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0008, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
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