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Erhöht der Kündigungsschutz die Beschäftigungsschwelle?

Author

Listed:
  • Gebhard Flaig
  • Horst Rottmann

Abstract

Arbeitsmarktinstitutionen sind eine wichtige Determinante für die Leistungen der Arbeitsmärkte und für die Erklärung der international unterschiedlichen Entwicklung der Arbeitslosenquoten. Das ifo Institut untersuchte, gemeinsam mit Prof. Dr. Horst Rottmann, Fachhochschule Amberg-Weiden, die Auswirkungen des Kündigungsschutzes auf die so genannte "Beschäftigungsschwelle" (diejenige Wachstumsrate der Produktion, die mindestens erreicht werden muss, damit die Beschäftigung steigt). Der Vergleich von 17 OECD-Ländern zeigte, dass ein stärker ausgeprägter Kündigungsschutz signifikant die Beschäftigungsschwelle erhöht. In den neunziger Jahren betrug die Beschäftigungsschwelle in Deutschland 2,4%. Wäre die Intensität des Kündigungsschutzes ähnlich wie in Großbritannien gewesen, hätte bereits ein Wachstum von 1,2% ausgereicht, um die Beschäftigung zu erhöhen.

Suggested Citation

  • Gebhard Flaig & Horst Rottmann, 2004. "Erhöht der Kündigungsschutz die Beschäftigungsschwelle?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 57(17), pages 13-17, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:57:y:2004:i:17:p:13-17
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gebhardt Flaig & Horst Rottmann, 2001. "Input Demand and the Short- and Long-Run Employment Thresholds: An Empirical Analysis for the German Manufacturing Sector," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 2(4), pages 367-384, November.
    2. Stephen Nickell, 2003. "Labour Market Institutions and Unemployment in OECD Countries," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 1(2), pages 13-26, October.
    3. Gomez-Salvador, Ramon & Messina, Julian & Vallanti, Giovanna, 2004. "Gross job flows and institutions in Europe," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 469-485, August.
    4. Blanchard, Olivier & Wolfers, Justin, 2000. "The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages 1-33, March.
    5. Pedro Portugal & Olivier Blanchard, 2001. "What Hides Behind an Unemployment Rate: Comparing Portuguese and U.S. Labor Markets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(1), pages 187-207, March.
    6. Lawrence Kahn, 2003. "Labour Market Institutions and Unemployment in OECD Countries," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 1(4), pages 25-32, October.
    7. Julián Messina, 2005. "Institutions and Service Employment: A Panel Study for OECD Countries," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 19(2), pages 343-372, June.
    8. Edward P. Lazear, 1990. "Job Security Provisions and Employment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(3), pages 699-726.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ces:ifodre:v:12:y:2005:i:03:p:s.34-37 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:38:i:2/3:p:284-304 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Jahn, Elke J., 2005. "Wie wirkt der Kündigungsschutz? (What are the effects of employment protection?)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 38(2/3), pages 284-304.
    4. Beate Schirwitz, 2005. "Wirtschaftswachstum und Beschäftigung : die Beschäftigungsschwelle (Wachstum und Beschäftigung)," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(03), pages 34-37, 06.
    5. Gebhard Flaig & Horst Rottmann, 2005. "Labour Market Institutions and Employment Thresholds. An International Comparison," ifo Working Paper Series _no.15, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Kündigungsschutz; Arbeitsmarkt; Beschäftigung;

    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General

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