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Spezialisierung oder Diversifikation – was trägt stärker zum sektoralen Wachstum bei?

Author

Listed:
  • Jan Kluge
  • Robert Lehmann

    ()

Abstract

Sektorale Spezialisierung wird in Deutschland häufig als eine sinnvolle Option zur Stärkung regionalen Wachstums angesehen: Während viele Städte (z. B. Wolfsburg, Frankfurt am Main) bereits durch starke Konzentration gekennzeichnet sind, versuchen auch andere Regionen solche Zentren zu etablieren. Es wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob Firmen tatsächlich die Nähe anderer Firmen der eigenen Branche suchen sollten, oder ob stattdessen die Nähe zu branchenfremden Unternehmen zu Wachstum führt. Mit Hilfe von empirischen Methoden wird untersucht, inwiefern die Effekte von sektoraler Spezialisierung bzw. Diversifikation vom stadtspezifischen Spezialisierungs- bzw. Diversifikationsgrad abhängen. Sowohl im Verarbeitenden Gewerbe als auch bei höherwertigen Dienstleistungen stellt sich Spezialisierung tatsächlich als förderlich heraus. Dabei gilt: Je stärker eine Stadt spezialisiert ist, desto größer sind die positiven Effekte aus weiterer Spezialisierung. Diversifikation spielt für diese beiden Sektoren eine eher untergeordnete Rolle.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Kluge & Robert Lehmann, 2012. "Spezialisierung oder Diversifikation – was trägt stärker zum sektoralen Wachstum bei?," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 19(02), pages 19-25, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:19:y:2012:i:02:p:19-25
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Annette Illy & Michael Schwartz & Christoph Hornych & Martin T.W. Rosenfeld, 2011. "Local Economic Structure And Sectoral Employment Growth In German Cities," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 102(5), pages 582-593, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Wirtschaftsstruktur; Unternehmenswachstum; Regionales Wachstum; Diversifikation;

    JEL classification:

    • L21 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Business Objectives of the Firm
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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