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Pauvreté, crime et croissance en Colombie : disparités régionales


  • Ricardo Rocha
  • Hermes Martinez


This article entails a two-stage empirical study of the relationships between poverty, criminality and economic growth, on the basis of literature and statistical analysis, from departmental data covering the 1981-1998 period. Privations suffered by the population and reduced opportunity costs resulting from low budgetary provisions favour criminality, which in turn has negative repercussions on the saving-investment process. The results obtained suggest that despite the development of drug trafficking, the risks of increasing poverty and the loss of growth would have been higher if Columbia had not experienced a parallel economic and social progress. The results also bring to light the importance of political goodwill in improving growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Ricardo Rocha & Hermes Martinez, 2003. "Pauvreté, crime et croissance en Colombie : disparités régionales," Revue Tiers-Monde, Armand Colin, vol. 0(4), pages 803-828.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rtmarc:rtm_176_0803

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    1. Stewart, Douglas B & Venieris, Yiannis P, 1985. "Sociopolitical Instability and the Behavior of Savings in Less-Developed Countries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(4), pages 557-563, November.
    2. Armando Montenegro & Carlos Esteban Posada, 1995. "Criminalidad en Colombia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, March.
    3. Mauricio Rubio, 1995. "Crimen y crecimiento en Colombia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, March.
    4. Banerjee, Abhijit V & Duflo, Esther, 2003. "Inequality and Growth: What Can the Data Say?," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 8(3), pages 267-299, September.
    5. Mauricio Cárdenas, 2007. "Economic Growth In Colombia: A Reversal Of ‘Fortune’?," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 25(53), pages 220-259, January.
    6. Heckman, James J, 1978. "Dummy Endogenous Variables in a Simultaneous Equation System," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(4), pages 931-959, July.
    7. Armando Montenegro & Carlos E. Posada & Gabriel Piraquive, 2000. "Violencia, criminalidad y justicia: otra mirada desde la economía," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, June.
    8. Alesina, Alberto & Özler, Sule & Roubini, Nouriel & Swagel, Phillip, 1996. "Political Instability and Economic Growth," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 189-211, June.
    9. Ricardo Rocha & Alejandro Vivas, 1998. "Crecimiento regional en Colombia: ¿Persiste la desigualdad?," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, January.
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