Les essaimages académiques dans le secteur de l'informatique en France : Effets institutionnels, effets de territoire ou construction des acteurs locaux ?
This article aims to question the conditions of academic spin-offs companies emerging from the French public research. We attempt to assess to what extent the creation of high tech companies in connection with academic research depends on three following factors: institutional effect associated with the public research, territorial or regional dynamic effect and local actor effect. This analysis is based on an empirical research on the spin-off creation policy of INRIA (National Institute for Computer Science). The main analytical target is to compare the ways in which the same framework of knowledge transfer policy in INRIA can be implemented differently, according to the particular regional dynamics of Grenoble and Sophia Antipolis, or the nature of competence/social network the local actors construct in these two sites. Classification JEL : R58, L14, L86, M13.
Volume (Year): avril (2003)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Nowak, Michael J. & Grantham, Charles E., 2000. "The virtual incubator: managing human capital in the software industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 125-134, February.
- Jacques-Laurent Ravix & Michel Quéré, 1997. "Relations science-industrie et institutions innovatrices," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 79(1), pages 213-232.
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