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Les essaimages académiques dans le secteur de l'informatique en France : Effets institutionnels, effets de territoire ou construction des acteurs locaux ?


  • Caroline Lanciano-Morandatt
  • Hiroatsu Nohara


This article aims to question the conditions of academic spin-offs companies emerging from the French public research. We attempt to assess to what extent the creation of high tech companies in connection with academic research depends on three following factors: institutional effect associated with the public research, territorial or regional dynamic effect and local actor effect. This analysis is based on an empirical research on the spin-off creation policy of INRIA (National Institute for Computer Science). The main analytical target is to compare the ways in which the same framework of knowledge transfer policy in INRIA can be implemented differently, according to the particular regional dynamics of Grenoble and Sophia Antipolis, or the nature of competence/social network the local actors construct in these two sites. Classification JEL : R58, L14, L86, M13.

Suggested Citation

  • Caroline Lanciano-Morandatt & Hiroatsu Nohara, 2003. "Les essaimages académiques dans le secteur de l'informatique en France : Effets institutionnels, effets de territoire ou construction des acteurs locaux ?," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(2), pages 235-265.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_032_0235

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michel Quéré & Jacques-Laurent Ravix, 1997. "Relations science-industrie et institutions innovatrices," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 79(1), pages 213-232.
    2. Nowak, Michael J. & Grantham, Charles E., 2000. "The virtual incubator: managing human capital in the software industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 125-134, February.
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    More about this item


    academic spin-offs; computer sector; institution; region; local actors;

    JEL classification:

    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
    • L86 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Information and Internet Services; Computer Software
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups


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