Travail, progrès technique et valorité différentielle le problème de la sélection des travailleurs
It is acknowledged that the worker should adapt himself to changes induced by technical progress. Nevertheless, the costs incurred by the firm, related to this adaptative behavior are scarcely taken into account by economic theory. The purpose of this article is to introduce these costs explicitly. As a consequence, work activity presents two faces : the worker is expected altogether to produce goods and services and to acquire the new required skills linked to technical and organisational changes. According to this view, this article proposes the concept of differential value creation as a synthetic way of measuring the comparative efficiency of the worker with regard the capacity to adapt and the production activity. This concept is used to examine the decisions on the type of workers to hire.
Volume (Year): 114 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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- Blechinger, Doris & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 1996. "Technological change and skill obsolescence: the case of German apprenticeship training," ZEW Discussion Papers 96-15, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
- Gérard Forgeot & Jérôme Gautié, 1997. "Insertion professionnelle des jeunes et processus de déclassement," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 304(1), pages 53-74.
- Walter Y. Oi, 1962. "Labor as a Quasi-Fixed Factor," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 538.
- Bartel, Ann P & Lichtenberg, Frank R, 1987. "The Comparative Advantage of Educated Workers in Implementing New Technology," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(1), pages 1-11, February.
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