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Évaluer les réformes des exonérations générales de cotisations sociales

  • Mathieu Bunel
  • Céline Emond
  • Yannick L'Horty

In the French social system, employers get reductions of the social security contributions which are targeted on low wage workers. The total amount of these reductions is 20 billion of Euros. In the crisis context, it has been proposed to reform the actual system in several ways. We propose to evaluate the effects on employment of these possible reforms within a desaggregated model that allows to consider both wages and firms heterogeneity. According to our computations, a total suppression of employers reduced social security contributions would increase labor cost by 4.4 % and destroy between 500 000 and 610 000 jobs, mainly low wage jobs: 85 % of jobs losses would be between 1 and 1.3 minimum wage. We also show that for a given budget amount, the best reforms to tackle unemployment are those which maintain the more labor cost reductions on low wage workers. Codes JEL: C14, J3, J38

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): N° 126 (2012)
Issue (Month): 7 ()
Pages: 57-103

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_126_0057
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  1. Lehmann, Etienne & Marical, François & Rioux, Laurence, 2011. "Labor Earnings Respond Differently to Income-Tax and to Payroll-Tax Reforms," IZA Discussion Papers 6108, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Jean-Pierre Laffargue, 2000. "Effets et financement d'une réduction des charges sur les bas salaires," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(3), pages 489-498.
  3. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00270295 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Pauline Givord & Corinne Prost & Sophie Audric, 2000. "Estimation de l'impact sur l'emploi non qualifié des mesures de baisse de charges," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(3), pages 513-522.
  5. Yannick L'Horty, 2000. "Quand les hausses du SMIC réduisent le coût du travail," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(3), pages 499-512.
  6. Arnaud Chéron & Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot, 2008. "A Quantitative Evaluation of Payroll Tax Subsidies For Low-Wage Workers: An Equilibrium Search Approach," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00270295, HAL.
  7. Mathieu Bunel & Yannick L'Horty, 2011. "Les effets des aides publiques aux Hôtels Cafés Restaurants et leurs interactions : Une évaluation sur micro-données d'entreprises," Working Papers halshs-00744905, HAL.
  8. Ferhat Mihoubi & Yannick L'Horty & Islem Gafsi, 2005. "Réformer les exonérations de cotisations sociales sur les bas salaires," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 19(3), pages 91-116.
  9. Islem Gafsi & Yannick L’Horty & Ferhat Mihoubi, 2004. "Allègement du coût du travail et emploi peu qualifié : une réévaluation," Documents de recherche 04-03, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  10. Pierre Cahuc, 2003. "Baisser les charges sociales, jusqu'où et comment ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 17(3), pages 3-54.
  11. Thomas Le Barbanchon & Didier Blanchet & Muriel Barlet, 2009. "Microsimulation et modèles d’agents : une approche alternative pour l’évaluation des politiques d’emploi," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 429(1), pages 51-76.
  12. Yannick L’Horty & François Legendre & Nicolas Bauduin, 2010. "Les baisses de cotisations sociales ultramarines," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 24(3), pages 167-193.
  13. Bernard Salanié & Guy Laroque, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
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